Do you know that over ninety percent of people who are sexually active will have come in contact with HPV at least once in his/her lifetime? Human Papilloma Virus, also known as HPV, is an infectious emerging disease that has become one of the number one causes of cervical cancer in women. With a startling increase in HPV prevalence research has been encouraged to discover more about this virus and how it causes cervical cancer. Fifteen years ago, not many knew what HPV was and there was very little research conducted on the virus. Since such little information was known about it, HPV was not even taught in the Sexual Education class as a sexually transmitted virus. Throughout years of research scientists, doctors, and medical staff have discovered what HPV is, how one contracts the virus, the symptoms or lack of symptoms, treatment and prevention for HPV.
In the United States and the world, HPV has become one of the most commonly sexually transmitted diseases. According to the California Medical Association (CMA), approximately 20 million people are currently infected with HPV, with an estimated 6.2 million new genital HPV infections each year (CMA). There are about 100 different subtypes of HPV in which thirty-forty of the subtypes can infect the genital area. The HPV virus can be classified into two different categories high-risk HPV and low-risk HPV. HPV type 6 and 11 are considered as the low risk genital types, causing genital warts. HPV 16 and 18 contribute towards cervical cancer and fall under the high-risk genital types. HPV 16 and 18 infect the cervical cells causing them to be abnormal turning them into pre-cancerous and then if not treated cancerous cells. The American Cancer Society stated that, in 2010, th...
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...s virus that has contributed to the lost lives of many mothers, sisters, wives, and daughters every year, so be aware of it, tell others of it, and practice safe sex.
American Cancer Society (2011). Cancer Facts and Figures 2011. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society. Jan 2012
California Medical Association Foundation. Cervical Cancer and STD Project.
(http://www.thecmafoundation.org/projects/hpv/FactsStats.aspx) Jan 2012.
Division of Molecular Virology. Oncogenic potential of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and its relation with cervical cancer. University of Punjab. 2011 Jun 3;8:269. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21635792 Virol J. Jan 2012
Division of STD Prevention (1999). Prevention of genital HPV infection and sequelae: report of an external consultants' meeting. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Jan 2012