The firebombing of Dresden was known as a military bombing. The British and United States Air Force bombed it on February 13 to February 15, 1945 in World War II. They dropped 3900 tons of firebombs in Dresden. (). Due to the large number of firebombs, the city was in a firestorm, which destroyed 15 square miles of land.
The atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945 completely obliterated both cities (Lanouette 30). “Little Boy,” the bomb dropped on Hiroshima killed 70,000 people with an additional 66,000 injured (30-39). “Fat Man,” the bomb dropped on Nagasaki also carried its “share of America’s duty” by killing 40,000 people and injuring another 25,000 (30-39). The bombs also killed an estimated 230,000 more people from the after effects of the two explosions (30). The two bombings had opened the world’s eyes to the destructive power that could be unleashed by man.
German nerves were frayed, the Nazis outraged. Hitler threatened "â€¦When the British Air Force drops two or three or four thousand kilograms of bombs, then we will in one night drop 150-, 230-, 300- or 400,000 kilograms." They were not going to take this lying down, and beginning September 7th London was bombed for 57 consecutive nights, but the blitz continued until May 1941. During this time other cities were also bombed including Portsmouth, Exeter, Bath, Manchester and Belfast. However, this decision to bomb London and other major cities proved to be the most fateful decision of the war.
During World War II, a new, powerful, and top-secret weapon of mass destruction was necessary in order to defeat Hitler and Germany. This weapon was the Atomic Bomb, these bombs were controversial due to it 's sheer power to decimate an entire city, and kill possibly millions after it was tested. It 's name was Trinity in 1945. Let us rewind back three years when Nazi Germany was a strong force to be dealt with. There were fears and discussions about Nazi Germany was possibly developing and building a nuclear weapon during WWII.
Then on the 7 of September 1940, as the RAF were on their knees, the Germans decided to begin bombing on all major cities in Britain. So why did the Germans make this critical and eventually costly decision? The first bombing of London was supposedly an accident when two German aircraft dropped bombs on the city. It is thought this because earlier Hitler had said that bombing of civilian targets were not allowed. Even though Hitler has said this Churchill decided to react so the RAF sneaked past the German defences and bombed Berlin as revenge for the Germans bombing London.
During The Blitz London was most badly affected with 13,000 killed in 1940 and 10,000 killed throughout the rest of Britain, so there were heavy losses. The Blitz came about after Hitler decided to change tactics after the battle of Britain when losses during the daylight attacks were too high for Germany. The Blitz began when the Germans began to bomb London and other cities by night and continued through the end of 1940 starting again in the springtime of 1941. The Blitz went much wider than just bombing London; it ranged across many other cities too, such as Coventry. Coventry was heavily bombed in November 1940, destroying the city centre and killing around 500 people.
Around 3000 people were killed because of these terrorist attacks. It was seen as the worst terrorist attack on the United States and was therefore condemned and deemed inexcusable. These attacks were a great blow to the United States’ national security. For four commercial planes, which were taking off from United States soil, to be taken control of by nineteen hijackers and crashed into the World Trade Centers and the Pentagon was truly unbelievable. These terrorist attacks led to reactions of a political, social and economical nature around the world.
On August 6th, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima without any precedent. The explosion viciously destroyed four square miles of the city and killed 90,000 and injured 40,000. (Weber, “Was Hiroshima Necessary?”) Three days later, a second atomic bomb stroked the city of Nagasaki which killed approximately 37,000 people and injured 43,000 (Weber, “Was Hiroshima Necessary?”). These actions of the United States still remain controversial today and the United States’ abuse of power and morality can be questioned. ‘Were the dropping of atomic bombs in the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki a justified way to end World War Two?’.
The Blitz Blitz, the German word for 'lightning', was applied by the British press to the tempest of heavy and frequent bombing raids carried out over Britain in 1940 and 1941. This concentrated direct bombing of industrial targets and civilian centres began on 7 September 1940, with heavy raids on London. The scale of the attack rapidly escalated. In that month alone, the German Air Force dropped 5,300 tons of high explosives on the capital in just 24 nights. In their efforts to 'soften up' the British population and to destroy morale before the planned invasion, German planes extended their targets to include the major coastal ports and centres of production and supply.
The atomic age, composed of complex and controversial issues, has forever changed the world and the way in which we live. The following is intended to illustrate that the bombing has changed the world and the immediate lives of the many killed and hurt in the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The illustrations are an attempt to show the immense strength of one explosion and its ability to totally wipe out any given area. By showing all of the possible injuries that can occur from a nuclear explosion, it becomes visible that an atomic bomb is very complex in its destruction. Showing to be the fastest slaughter that we have ever observed, the bomb in Hiroshima killed about 280,000 civilians and 40,000 members of the military.