The Atomic Bombs

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World War II, which took place from 1939 until 1945, is the most destructive war in terms of destruction and lives lost in all history. At the end of World War II, America made the decision to drop two atomic bombs on Japan to end the war quickly, and this has been a very controversial issue ever since. After the fact, many questioned the decision made by American military leaders, wondering if they had well enough considered the Nuclear Era they would bring about by dropping the atomic bombs. In discussions of dropping the atomic bombs to end World War II, one controversial issue has been whether the United States was morally justified, and there are two basic schools of thoughts in this debate. On the one hand, some argue that dropping the bombs on cities, therefore targeting civilians, makes the bombs morally wrong. On the other hand, some contend that dropping the bombs to end the war quickly saved hundreds of thousands of American lives and therefore was morally justified. My own view is that dropping the bombs was the best decision for America to make with the information that they had at that time and the enormous number of lives that were saved. One representative of the anti-bomb school of thought is Gar Alperovitz, a college professor who has written two books on the topic. Though I concede that Alperovitz is right that the targeting of civilians in the dropping of the two atomic bombs was wrong, I agree more with Spencer Tucker, an advocate for the bombs who has a PhD from the Virginia Military Institute, and his statement that dropping the bombs was the best way to end the war quickly and avoid the loss of many more American lives. Ray Skates, who wrote The Invasion of Japan: Alternative to the Bomb, concluded that t... ... middle of paper ... communism. The leaders who decided to drop the bombs did what they saw as necessary at that time. People often look back now and see what decision could have produced a better outcome, but the leaders made the best decision they could have with the information they had at the time. They knew the bombs would have a huge impact on the world, but there was no way they could have predicted the extent and length of the Nuclear Era that was to come. Works Cited Alperovitz, Gar. "Dropping the Bomb Was Unjustified." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. "Background Essay." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. "Key Question." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. Tucker, Spencer C. "Dropping the Bomb Saved Lives." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 23 Jan. 2014.

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