‘Were the dropping of atomic bombs in the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki a justified way to end World War Two?’. The answer is no, the bombings were not justified as Japan was already militarily and economically devastated, the explosion slaughtered thousands of guiltless civilians and President Truman seemed to have other political and experimental intentions rather than bringing an immediate end to World War Two. The bombings were not necessary as both Japan’s military and economy had been defeated and weakened. Even before the bombings, the United States had continuously attempted to destroy many Japanese cities with their intense fire bombings. For example, the night of March 9th, 300 American bombers attacked Tokyo, killing 100,000 residents (Weber, “Was Hiroshima Necessary?”).
"HyperWar: USSBS: The Effects of Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki." iBliblio.org. United States Government Printing Office, 1946. Web. 08 Jan. 2014.
With multiple chances from the United States to surrender in the war and rejecting each one, the Japanese set themselves up for disaster. On August 6, 1945 the course of history was changed. Two atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima, and three days later, August 9, 1945, on Nagasaki that ended World War II. Japan had already been a defeated nation from conventional bombs and World War II. Many innocent lives were lost, psychological scars were left on the lives of the bomb survivors, and thus many lives were changed forever.
The technology of building the atomic bomb has spurred some useful innovations that can be applied through the use of nuclear power. The fear of a potential nuclear attack had been heightened by the media and its release of movies impacting on public opinion and fear of nuclear devastation. The lives lost after the detonation of the atomic bombs have become warning signs that changed global thinking and caused preventative actions. The Atomic Bomb The devastation brought about by the atomic bomb has caused fear among all the people that have realized the potential destructive power of its invention. The atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945 completely obliterated both cities (Lanouette 30).
In September of 1951, Japan signed the Treaty of San Francisco which officially ended the tensions between itself and the United States. However before then, in August of 1945, the United States built two atomic bombs called Little Boy and Fat Man; but, they did not truly know the horrific and disastrous effects that these weapons were capable of (“The Avalon Project”). On August 6th and 9th 1945, the United States dropped these two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities: Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Little Boy and Fat Man detonated approximately 500-600 feet above the ground and caused a massive impact on Japan that are almost too horrific to describe (“The Avalon Project”). The outcome of the bombing had forced Japan to surrender the war in order to save the rest of their country from more bombings.
Was it moral to drop the atomic bombs on Japan to save American soldier lives? No, the problems created from the bomb far outweigh the gains because of the number of lives lost, it made the surrounding land uninhabitable, and caused birth defects in future generations. One of the more immediate effects of the atomic bomb was its ability to kill thousands in seconds and more over time. The blast, heat, and radiation from the Hiroshima bomb killed anything within a 20 mile radius. Killing 140,000 people on impact and a additional 10,000 more over weeks from radiation poisoning.
There were several alternatives to dropping the bomb. The introduction of this weapon began a nuclear arms race. Some say that the atomic bomb saved lives, yet thousands were killed. President Harry Truman made the wrong decision in dropping the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki because the bombs killed thousands of civilians. When the bomb hit Hiroshima, 350,000 people were exposed (Gup 89).
Less than a month later, atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan (Rosenberg). There are many people who oppose the use of the atomic bombs; though there are some that believe it was a necessity in ending the war. President Truman realized the tragic significance of the atomic bomb and made his decision to use it to shorten the agony of young Americans (“Was the Atomic Bombing”). The president knew of the way the Japanese fought. They fought to the death and they were brutal to prisoners of war.