World War 1: A Tragedy of Miscalculation To some extent, the outbreak of the First World War was a tragedy of miscalculation. Austria declared war on Serbia, in the hope that it would only be a short and local war. Germany had miscalculated the risk of a two-front war. Germany’s war plan – the Schlieffen Plan, inevitably involved France, Russia, Belgium and Britain. In “The war to end all wars”, Germany also did not take into calculation the ‘Domino Effect’ of the alliances between France, Russia and Britain.
Hence the blank cheque to Austria. Austria-Hungry looked for no other possibility but war to solve the problem because of their short sighted plan to rid themselves of a Slavic Nationalist movement Conclusion: Â§ Conclude that three long term factors contributed to war, failure of triple entente to accommodate Germany as a dominant power, instead allowing them to feel threatened, hence the naval and arms race progressed. Austria Hungary and Russia could not resolve Balkan conflict peacefully; Germany's backing of this making a small local war a world war. Attitude in the time, Nationalism, no country backing down, notably Germany. Austria Hungary looked for no other possibility but war to rid themselves of a Slavic Nationalist Movement.
The Fall Of Germany In World War I None of the European power wanted World War I, but they feared Germany. Germany was newly unified, and was beating the European powers in population and Industry. France wanted to recover the Alsace-Lorraine. Britain was a country used to being on the ocean, so they felt threatened by Germany's colonial expansion and William II's insisting on a large navy. Russia and Austria feared pressure on their unstable empires.
The policy was based on the League of Nations dealing with any countries, which were too powerful, but as the League of Nations failed, so did the ... ... middle of paper ... ...horrors. The British people also did not want war, and so were pressurising Chamberlain to avoid it. And at this time, Britain was unable to afford to rearm due to economic pressure. But the majority of these reasons are hardly to do with Chamberlain personally, as they had been forced upon him. In 1939 Chamberlain had given the Sudetenland to Hitler, this gave Hitler more confidence to attack more countries and to spread out further.
But the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy never operated quickly, especially since Austria could do nothing without being sure of German support. In the end, the Austro-Hungarian government waited too long — by the time they attacked Serbia, public opinion about the killing had already cooled. The Entangling Alliance Domino Effect Austro-Hungarian Empire: desperately wanted to get rid of Serbia, which had been behind most of their largest Slavic problems (Serbia had been a leader in the two Balkans wars, both of which had threatened Austro-Hungarian holdings). Biggest Fear: Russia (a Slavic country which might help their minorities if pressed). Needed: the Hungarians and the Germans to promise military support against Russia.
Even though Bismarck did not interest in war, he resisted uniting the German people. United Germany was a peril to the peace of the continent because German people were belligerent and if warlike people got power and united is highly expected that war will break out. Also, Bismarck united Germany by war and thus German people believed in war. Also, Bismarck made France isolated diplomatically which fuelled and rose up the rancor and the conflict among the European countries. Thus, the unification of Germany was the keystone reason that caused World War One because if the aggressive Germany remained disunited, they could not have the power that became a threat to the rest of the Europe.
The people of Austria-Hungary were upset with the Siberian people after the assassination of Francis Ferdinand. Although Austria could not prove Siberia planned the assassination of Francis Ferdinand, they publically accused the Siberian government for his death. According to the Author of The Causes of World War I: A Narrative, The Austrian government knew they could depend on Germany if they were to ever to go to war, so in the weeks that followed the assassination, Austria, allied with Germany, and insisted on punishing Serbia. The Austrian government failed at an attempt to peacefully resolve their dispute by sending Serbia an ultimatum, but Siberia was not willing to meet all of their demands. The feud between Siberia and Austria-Hungary would change the way foreign countries settled disputes forever.
This was the key event that got the U.S out of neutrality. The Germans believed they could win the war before U.S. forces could intervene. On February 3, 1917, the U.S. broke diplomatic relations with G... ... middle of paper ... ... from occurring. It was strenuously opposed by Congress and voted down because Congress was concerned about the loss of US sovereignty. Giving an international organization the right to essentially control foreign policy is a huge intrusion on the rights of any country.
They aimed to invade France through Belgium, en-circle Paris and therefore becoming behind the French army to the lack of their knowledge, and attack France form the rear, making them surrender. By doing this they would have captured Paris, thus being the capital, making Germany in control of France. Unfortunately for them they were not able to do this. As this would be an extremely rapid victory, Germany would then be able to concentrate on attacking Russia as by this time they would have only just mobilised. This was to be if Russia mobilised in six weeks.
However, this essay aims to argue that the two most important reasons that Britain eventually went to War in 1939, are firstly, Germany's invasion of Poland, which forced Britain to take action, and secondly that Hitler's aggressive action eventually had to be combated, he could not be allowed to take over Europe. By 1939, Britain had abandoned all hope of keeping the peace through Appeasement and negotiation. Hitler had to be stopped, and War was Britain's last resort. The Treaty of Versailles was signed in 1919 by Britain, France and America to decide on what to do with Germany following World War One. The treaty was extremely harsh on Germany, ordering reparations and huge territorial losses in order to make her weak.