The first instigator of WWI to be discussed is the "Black Hand." The Black Hand was a group of Serbian Nationalists that were convinced that Serbia was not receiving the attention that they deserved from the bigger country of Austria-Hungary, led by Austria’s Archduke Francis Ferdinand. The tension between Serbia and Austria-Hungary had greatened when Austria- Hungary took over the two provincesof Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1908, before Serbia could claim the land. Gavrilo Princip, a member of the "Black Hand," assassinated Ferdinand on June 28, 1914 when he went into Sarajevo to review the newly acclaimed territories. The price he paid for refusing to give "a bigger place in the su...
World War 1
Do we ever ask ourselves what is going on in the world today? Many of us don't know why we fight wars, or who with. But the first world war wasn't like any other previous war. It began in central Europe, lasted four years, and involved almost every European country. More specifically, the war lasted from 1914 to 1918 and the immediate origins of the war came from decisions made by the statesmen and generals after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie during the July Crisis of 1914.
In the late 1800s, the idea of nationalism swept across the continent of Europe that steered about the Great War such as Russian supporting the Slavic peoples, assassination of Archduke, and unification of Germany. With the increasing desire for independence, the Slavic peoples in Bosnia and Herzegovina no longer wanted to be part of Austria Hungary but instead be part of Serbia; the Slavic people shared the same ethnicity as the Russians, therefore it provided a reason for the Russians to support the Slavic people when they are at war (Adams, 356). In 1914, a secret Siberian society known as the Black Hand made an attempt to assassinate Francis Ferdinand, the Austrian-Hungarian Archduke. Their accomplishment in the assassination became the catalyst that sparked the disputes between the nations in Europe (Tucker, 1466). As to penalize Serbia, the Austrian government presented the ultimatum to Belgrade on 23, July 1914; it is comprised of a lengthy list of demands made upon the Serbian government. Nationalism helped the Prussians to unify its people; under the leadership of Von Bismark, Germany began to expand its land through military power; Pan-Germanism was a movement whose goal was the political unification of all people speaking German or a Germanic language (Ross, 455). The terminal stage of the unifi...
The Assignation gave Austria-Hungary a good reason to crush Serbia, a lay time emerge in the Balkans. But first they gained Germanys promise to support them in any action they took against Serbia. Then they sent Serbia a list of Humiliating demands on July 23. Serbia accepted most of the demands and offered to have the rest settled by an international conference. Austria-Hungary rejected the offer and declared war on Serbia on July 28 1914. It was expected to be a quick victory.
Austro-Hungarian Empire: desperately wanted to get rid of Serbia, which had been behind most of their
World War I was a reaction to the world experiencing plenty of change in such a small amount of time. Major events have been attributed to the World War I, such as German Unification, Imperialism and The Creation of Peacetime Alliance systems, but the ultimate reason for the war was the assassination of Francis Ferdinand on June 28, 1914. According to notes taken on the Civil war, Francis Ferdinand was heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, and he was killed by a Serbian nationalist, Gavrilo Princip. After the assassination of Francis Ferdinand, the feud between Siberia and Austria-Hungary grew out of control.
The history of modern Bosnia began with the country of Yugoslavia in the 1900s. At the beginning of World War I, the Baltic region was controlled by Austria-Hungary. The trigger for WWI actually took place in Sarajevo, Bosnia, when a group of insubordinate Serbs assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand (heir to Austria-Hungary). In the ashes of the Austria-Hungarian Empire, the Baltic countries formed the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes in 1918. The Kingdom united as the country of Yugoslavia in 1929, of which Bosnia was a constituent republic until Nazi Germany invaded in 1941. After Nazi Germany fell, President Marshall Tito took over the country and controlled it. Although President Tito was a Communist, he did do some good in the country, especially by keeping the Soviet Union at arm’s length, which planted unity in his country against a common enemy. When Yugoslavia was under Tito, it had some of the best times in Slavic
On June 28, 1914, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, was visiting Sarajevo, capital of the recently annexed province of Bosnia. On his was to the town hall a bomb was thrown but missed him. On the way back, Gavrilo Princip threw a bomb and missed. He then pulled out a revolver and fired three shots; both the Archduke and his wife were killed instantly. The Austrian Government reacted quickly, blaming the neighboring kingdom of Serbia. Serbia had Russia’s support; therefore Austria invoked her ally, Germany. Russia turned to her ally France. Eventually the alliances formed were with Austria, Germany, and Italy and then with Great Britain, Russia and France.
Nationalism had grown among the people in Serbia and the rest of Europe like a flame, leading to a small group of zealots who sought to restore greater Serbia to its former glory. They intended to do this by the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, since he was an important figure of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire ,but instead they had received more than they bargained for. Since Serbia had now posed as a threat to the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, they would then invade Serbia, which would include each of their allies and their allies' allies to fight against each other as well. This had a domino effect, and later included the territories that the imperialistic fad had led the big empires to acquire.
Approximately a century before the assassination of archduke Ferdinand the European states had held a meeting at the congress of Vienna. At this meeting the states had developed a system where all power would be balanced throughout Europe. This balance of power was developed in fear of a deadly revolution such as the one France had recently encountered. This new system had lasted for quite some time but eventually provinces began to gain more power than others. For example, Austria-Hungary had conflicts with population. Small minorities like the Germans in Austria and the Magyars in Hungary tried to control the increasing population of Slavs. They were worried that the Slavs would gain too much power and take over Austria-Hungary. Still many years before the war Austria Hungary annexed the twin Balkin provinces of Bosnia-Herzegovina. This grab for territory and power frustrated the independent Balkin nation of Serbia, who thought of Bosnia as Serbian homeland. So now Austria-Hungary is on bad terms with Serbia and maybe even Russia. Now ...