Soon after the Revolutionary War in America, a new government was started when the Articles of Confederation were adopted by the Continental Congress. The Articles set up a democratic government that gave the States the power to make their own laws and to enforce them. However, the Articles were ineffective and failed to provide a strong government. During this critical period in the history of the United States, pandemonium and anarchy were growing due to: controlled public, nothing in the Articles that gave Congress the power to enforce laws, no solid monetary system, and also the country lacked unity and strength The Articles were ineffective because Congress only had the power to recommend actions to the States. It could not enforce its recommendations or laws.
The Congress is not able to solve these economic problems in America due to The Articles of Confederation. First, Congress does not have the power to collect tax or to collect state debts. This made it hard for Congress to get money from the states to pay France. Second, any changes to the amendments to the Articles must be approved by all thirteen states. This makes changing an amendment nearly impossible, unless the change benefits e... ... middle of paper ... ...th, Congress can only ask for volunteers, but states are reluctant to send them.
Eventually, Congress was granted the power to levy taxes on imports and not on exports but that was not the only weakness due to the creation of the Articles of Confederation. Another weakness created by the Articles was that Congress was not able to raise an army, but instead had to request that individual states supply troops. The inability of the central government to maintain law
This unbalance in society left each individual state on their own, besides the alliances they could form within each other (creating even more rifts within the country). The Congress didn’t hold the power to tax or create a national military, navy, and army, which didn’t allow America to strengthen as a nation. By vesting these powers in the state, the Articles of Confederation technically created thirteen small countries. After the Revolution, the United States became even more susceptible to foreign invaders and if a minute state militia was responsible for warding off these trespassers, the state would be easily attacked. This is just once consequence that could have occurred, if the Constitution of 1787 wasn’t accepted.
But the articles denied Congress the power to collect taxes, regulate interstate commerce and enforce laws. Because of this, the central government had to request donations from the states to finance its operations and raise armed forces. The states attempted to limit the power of the national government because they feared that it would become a monarchy. In an effort to limit the power of the national government, Congress created one without enough power to govern effectively, which led to serious national and international problems. One of the main weaknesses under the Articles of Confederation was its incapability to regulate trade and levy taxes.
Congress did not have the power to tax, regulate trade, or draft people for war. This put the American citizens at stake because States had the power to refuse requests for taxes and troops (Document G). The weakened national government could not do anything about uprisings or small-scale protests because it did not have the power to put together an army. The deficiencies of the confederation government inspired the drafting of the American Constitution. The document itself embodied the principle of a national government prepared to deal with the nation's problems.
Since Congress could only request funds from the States, and not levy taxes, it was unable to pay war-related debts. Without the power to regulate trade, it could not negotiate commercial treaties. Britain refused to remove its troops from forts in the Northwest Territories, and Spain denied Americans access to the port of New Orleans. There was little that the diplomatically and militarily weak Confederation was able to do. In Massachusetts, indebted farmers had risen in revolt against the state's taxation policies – a rebellion that some feared would be imitated elsewhere.
In America, the states existed first, and they struggled to create a national government. Confideracy had been tried by the thirteen states under the Articles of confederation, and was found to be lacking, in that it did not provide adequate cohesiveness between the individual nation-states. The Articles of confederation establish a government but, limit the powers of the central government. This was a crucial flaw with the Articles of confederation, the central government had no power of national taxation, no power to control trade, and it provided for a comparatively weak executive. Therefore it could not enforce legislation or make states honor national obligations.
Also, the Articles of Confederation provided the federal government with no power to levy national taxes. Congress attempted to amend this problem but the movement failed. Although the Whigs were successful in forming a small centralized government; the Articles provided no means to raise capital with which to support itself. The Articles of Confederation, in more legal language, stated “Congress could not regula... ... middle of paper ... ...d the amendment process been achievable the Articles could have thrived. However, all of the problems previously detailed could not be remedied because of the faulty system.
The American Revolution marked America’s independence from Great Britain. The American Revolution revealed many concerns for Americans. During the Revolutionary War, an internal rebellion known as Shays Rebellion demonstrated the need for a stronger government. After the war, Americans viewed The Articles of Confederation as an inadequate constitution. The Articles of Confederation allowed congress little to no power; it restricted congresses’ power to tax, which led the states to coin their own currency.