The Articles of Confederation

analytical Essay
867 words
867 words

The Articles of Confederation In the 1770’s, as America’s great thinkers and writers were declaring their desire for independence; they also established a committee to lay the foundation for the American form of government. These brilliant writers and philosophers hesitantly began designing the national level of government for use in America and named their final draft the Articles of Confederation . Out of their utter distrust of a centralized government, due to their association with the English monarchial system, the drafters deliberately established these articles as a loose confederation of states, rather than a firmly united nation. Life under the Articles of Confederation was filled with hardships and uncertainty, and the political scene was paralyzed with inability due to the lack of sovereignty in a central executive branch and the unanimous state consent required for the ratification of an amendment together with the lack of a taxation privilege . However, despite its inherent flaws, the Confederation government did prove capable to accomplish a few foreign and domestic achievements. Under the authority of the Confederation, the United States began to introduce itself in the global scene. The United States determined its place in the community of nations by establishing diplomatic relations and its participation in the world economy. The Confederation Congress also accomplished something many historians overlook. They successfully managed, organized, and eventually won the Revolutionary War . After winning the war, the Congress went on to successfully negotiate the Treaty of Paris and compelled the British to recognize American independence. On the domestic home front, the Congress began to effectively solve t... ... middle of paper ... of a strong central power. These weaknesses caused many problems in America. Inflation grew, tariff wars between states commenced, and the uncertainty of a possible mob-rule lived in the minds of many. However, despite the flaws and setbacks imposed by the Articles, the fledgling Congress proved capable enough to establish mechanisms for westward expansion, establish the United States in the World Scene, and maintain a running economy . Still, a need for constitutional change was illustrated by the severe problems, and the Philadelphia convention answered the call. The drafters of the new constitution looked at all the mistakes created by the Articles, and to their great credit, successfully learned from them. They used the Articles as a foundation, and established the United States Constitution which today still stands as the greatest republic known to man.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that america's great thinkers and writers established a committee to lay the foundation for the american form of government in the 1770s.
  • Explains how the confederation congress managed, organized, and won the revolutionary war, negotiated the treaty of paris and compelled the british to recognize american independence.
  • Explains that the articles of confederation created a unicameral congress, with each state having only one vote, which left the national government powerless and unable to proceed with trivial matters.
  • Analyzes how the economic downturn of the 1780's, caused by the removal of guaranteed english markets, left many farmers ruined and inundated with debt.
  • Describes how the annapolis convention of 1786 was held to address regional issues such as trade, but delegates were soon calling for a national convention. the constitution empowered congress to regulate trade among states, raise revenue through taxation, and discontinue state coining.
  • Explains that the articles of confederation, which were in force from 1781 to 1789, had many shortcomings and flaws, most due to the inherent distrust of a strong central power.
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