Athens was located on the Western Europe specifically it’s one of the city on Greece. It was the first birth of democracy and also it was the home of education, that’s included Philosophy, Artists and so many scientists were appeared in Athens. In this city there were so many government came out, but none of them didn’t satisfy what the Athenian people wanted, except one king was called Pericles. He was the first leader who proposed democracy and made Athens glorious by different directions, those were by their military, economy and by other things. The important thing why we learned about Athenian history is their astonishing change in the Western Europe .
It was so well developed, we even referred to it when planning our own government after the Revolutionary War. In the Ancient World, it was one of few examples of democracy. Today, many governments have become democracies or a form of it. It could be said that Athens has transformed the world in a way. This is how well the people of Athens formed their government.
It was democratic in the sense that participation by the people was mandatory in order to run the government. But the participation of the people excluded women and slaves. Later under Pericles this came to include men who were not born to parents who were natives of Athens. The democracy in Athens gave a stepping stone to what is seen today as democracy. Bibliography: Works Cited Demand, Nancy.
Power was also given to representatives and officials in the republic and democracy. The Athenians were able to vote for legislation and bills, while the Romans elected officials to vote on the people’s behalf. The Roman’s established an aristocratic republic controlled by only wealthy people, so the power was not shared equally in society. On the contrary the Athenians allowed anyone to be in government as long as they were a male citizen. A form of the executive branch emerged from both systems; Rome had two consuls elected by council and Athens had a council of five hundred men.
Comparing and Contrasting the Political Philosophies of Ancient Greece The city-states of Ancient Greece gave birth to the many different forms of government that are now known by present-day society. It is through the numerous accounts of ancient historians that modern civilizations have learned the lessons of each governmental structure. This essay will discuss the many forms of government introduced by Ancient Greek city-states. Through analyzing the differences and similarities of each political philosophy, a conclusion will be made as to what forms of government were more effective for Ancient Greece, as well as how they apply to modern day government. The most popular form of government created by the Ancient Greeks is that of democracy.
“[Metics] and women were not citizens and did not enjoy any of the privileges of citizenship.”(Sayre, 137) Athenian citizens had to be descended from citizens, excluding the children of Athenian men and foreign women. Individuals could be granted citizenship in to Athens by the assembly this was usually as a reward for some service to the state. Ancient Greece paved the way for the representative democratic style of government that is practiced by many countries today. Much like how voting rights started out in America, originally only the wealthy land owners were allowed to vote and call themselves citizens, but soon all men were allowed to have a vote and a voice in their states politics. Essentially the Greeks were the first to introduce citizen rights and freedom similar to what’s seen today.
These governments came in different styles such as a monarchy which was led by a king. Another form of government that was seen among the Greeks was aristocracy in which the polis was ruled by a small group of noble, land owning families. One of the more notable polis of ancient Greek was that of Sparta in which they used the oligarchy as there form of government. This type of government is where the people are ruled by a few powerful people. Finally, there was democracy which means “rule of the people” (The Legacy of Ancient Greece and Rome 1-7).
Aristocracy is therefore government by those who are superior both morally and intellectually, and is government in the interests of the governed. In the period 800-500 BC, power in Athens was held by the aristocrats. They monopolised the best land and political power. Social unrest at that time saw Solon (an aristocrat) being appointed to reform the political and economic system. Solon basically laid the foundations for democracy with his reforms.
Power in Athens was divided among the people, otherwise known as the polis. The Greeks partook in direct democracy which allowed the participating citizens to conduct the flow of policy-making endeavors. The endowment of self-governing granted the Greek citizen their sense of freedom, or eleutheria, which is due to the ability and responsibility that decision-making grants through participatory government for a self-ruling city-state. The right to take part in social affairs with respect to the state also added to the freedom that property owning citizens held. Personal contribution, altho... ... middle of paper ... ... due to its division of authority among those who have neither property nor established social connections.
This form of democracy has elected representatives making most of the day to day decisions, while the main groups of citizens consulted for only the most important decisions. One of the earliest known democracies was in Athens, a city-state in southern, ancient Greece. Around 620BC, Athens became the first true democracy. In Athens the ruler Draco tried to make many reforms in the city state. Draco organized laws by putting them in a written code, letting everyone know what the laws were and how they applied to everyone.