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The Argument Of St Anselm's Argument For The Existence Of God

analytical Essay
826 words
826 words
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Arguments against St. Anselm’s Ontological Argument for the Existence of God
St. Anselm begins with a definition of God, argues that an existent God is superior to a non-existent God and concludes that God must exist in reality, for his non-existence would contradict the definition of God itself.
The argument does not seem plausible to an unbiased person, even at the very first reading. It seems as if not all aspects of the question under scrutiny have been considered. The basic assumption, on which the entire argument stands, that God is a being than which none greater can be imagined can seem doubtful to a person who doubts the existence of God, for if one doubts that there is a being than which no greater can be conceived, then he may also be sceptical if any person has thoughts about the same being, whose existence itself is doubtful. The argument seems to “beg the question”. Moreover, St. Anselm’s idea of existence is not very clear. …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Argues that st. anselm's ontological argument for the existence of god does not seem plausible to an unbiased person, even at the very first reading.
  • Explains st. anselm's argument is based on the superiority of an existent god over a non-existent god. kant argues that existence should not count towards the perfection of any being, be it the greatest being.
  • Argues that it is controversial whether existence is a general class that can be categorized into existence in the mind and exist in reality or if there are multiple levels of existence.
  • Explains that if one considers the argument to be correct, one can prove either absurd conclusions or such which contradict the indisputable realities of everyday life. gaunilo of marmoutiers proved the existence or feasibility of building a tunnel through the centre of the earth.
  • Argues that there is no strong reason to support the belief that the creation of this world is the most marvellous achievement anyone can have.
  • Argues that the coherence of non-existence and creation has not been stressed out. it is difficult to imagine of a nonexistent being creating an existing entity.
  • Explains that it is controversial whether the nature of a non-existent being's disabilities is the same as that of an existent
  • Argues that the creation of a real universe contradicts oppy's premise of non-existent being, or leads to more controversial questions on the existence of the universe itself.
  • Argues that if a non-existent being can have the most marvellous achievement of creating the universe, one is left with no reason to think that nonexistence is disability.

Anselm’s argument is based on the superiority of an existent God over a non-existent God. But as Kant argues, existence is more of a description of the real world, whether a thing exists in it or not, rather than the property of an object. Hence existence or non-existence should not count towards the perfection of any being, be it the greatest being. This implies that a non-existent God is equivalent to an existent God, which causes the ontological argument to fail.
It is controversial if existence is a general class that can be categorized into existence in the mind and existence in reality or if there are multiple levels of existence. It is also controversial that there are only two categories of existence, if at all it can be categorized. Hence, for a supreme being, for which, as suggested by Thomas Aquinas, it is not very clear whether humans can perceive all of its qualities, a conclusion that God does not solely exists in the mind, should not lead to a conclusion that it exists in

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