The Argument For Nuclear Energy

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“You don’t ban the beneficial uses of a technology just because that same technology can be used for evil. Otherwise we would never have harnessed fire.” -Patrick Moore, a Greenpeace co-founder- About two-thirds of electricity used globally today is generated from fossil fuels using the energy created from burning fuels such as coal and gas, which release greenhouse gases. These trap heat in the atmosphere and cause global warming. Moreover no more fuels are predicted being formed in the near future to replace what is being used up since fossil fuels finite and nonrenewable. In the future, countries will need to generate more of the electricity they need without using fossil fuels. Besides slowing global warming, they also have to meet electricity demand when these fuels start to run out or become unavailable due to political problems between countries. There are several factors influent whether or not a particular type of energy is adopted. These factors include cost, reliability, environmental impact, generating capacity, and efficiency, possibilities of hybrid designs and storability, and technology development risk. While renewables are not being developed fast enough to meet demand, the best available option may come from conventional energy sources. Among them, nuclear power which is well developed and highly penetrative is the largest source of electricity that does not release significant amounts of greenhouse gas and has been contributing mostly to world energy use. After World War II, nuclear power became the world’s shining energy hope. Technically it is produced when neutrons split the nucleus of uranium atoms releasing heat which is used to boil water and produce the steam that drives a plant’s turbines. Nuclear... ... middle of paper ... ...power plants that can be operated safely and with very high load factors. Bibliography: 1. Smil, V. (2010).Myths in the Headlines: Nuclear Power, Energy: Myths and Realities: Bringing Science to the Energy Policy Debate (pp. 150-157). Washington, D.C.: Publisher for the American Enterprise Institute. 2. Michaelides, E. (2012). Nuclear Power Plants, Alternative Energy Sources (pp. 99-172). Heidelberg: Springer. 3. Berinstein, P. (2001). Alternative Energy: Facts, Statistics, and Issues. Connecticut: Orys Press. 4. Nuclear Energy Institute. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nei.org 5. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission. (n.d.). Students’ Corner. Retrieved October 1, 2013, from http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/basic-ref/students.html 6. Clark, W. W & Cook, G (2012). Global Energy Innovation. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger, an Imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC.
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