After this Darius began a plan to conquer Greece after the support they sent the Ionian revolt. In 490BC Darius sent a fleet to conquer the Cyclades, and then attack Athens and Eretria. Quickly conquering the Eretria, the Persians burned th... ... middle of paper ... ...reeks halted though and turned and began to fight the pursuing Persians. Mardonius was killed in this attack leading to disorder among the Persian lines. Without the Athenian stand, the battle along with the victory would not have been possible at Plataea.
Zeus held a statue of Nike, the Greek Goddess of victory in his left hand and a staff of an eagle preached atop of his left hand (Curlee). The statue of Zeus was located in Peloponnesus, which is modern Greece today at a location near Ancient Olympia, were the sanctuary of Zeus also known as Altis or sacred grove where the people could go to worship the Gods in ancient times. It was constructed in about 450 B.C., and finished in time for the first Olympic games, which were held in 776 B.C. The statue of Zeus was considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient times because of its great size and because of its materials, ivory and gold-plated bron... ... middle of paper ... ..., the interior of the temple featured sculptures of amazon warriors, also several paintings on the walls, columns of gold, silver and the statues were life size and stood on a marble pedestal. I am amazed by how much detail went into this temple and last but not least the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus wasn’t really one of my favorites seeing how in those times they married their own family members, but the Mausoleum was created in the memory of Artemisia husband or brother Mausolus.
The Persians then marched to Athens for revenge. The Greeks defeated the Persian Navy at the battle of Salamis that same year proved to be turning point in the conflict and Xerxes withdrew most of his men in Asia. The finale battle of the Persian War was near Plataea in 479 B.C with Greeks winning. In 477 B.C, the Delian League was formed. The members were Greek city-states, who band together to protect themselves against future threats by the Persian Empire.
This massive building measures 13.72 m (45.0 ft.) in height and 69.5 by 30.9 m (228 by 101 ft.) long and was built with white marble. According to Greek historians two architects, Iktinos and Kallikrates, oversaw the construction. This temple was built for and dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena. It served as a gathering place, as well as a location for political debates; but its current tenant serves as a tourist destination. The Parthenon featured an octastyle, which was an eight-column arrangement at its end.
From that Athens emerged from destroyed to destroyers. From this defeat the Greeks felt victorious and with that attitude they started to rebuild their cities and “self-confidently celebrating” (Stokstad 115) their culture. Pericles rebuilt Athens’ citadel, the temples on the Acropolis. However, not everyone agreed with the Athenians. In 431 BCE a war broke out that lasted until 404 BCE with the collapse of Athens and the conquest of Sparta.
Besides being the Athenians greatest architectural achievement, the Parthenon serves a basic purpose. The Parthenon is a temple devoted to Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and guardian of the city- state of Athens that got its name from her. The temple marked the zenith of ancient Greek architecture (Glancey 26). The structure was built to protect and shelter the statue of Athena, which was sculpted by Phidias. The enormous statue of Athena consisted of gold and ivory and stood up to be approximately nine to eleven meters.
The Temple of Zeus at Olympia was burnt down circa 426 AD, and archeological earthquakes destroyed what remained of the standing temple. Judith Barringer, author of the article entitled The Temple of Zeus at Olympia, Heroes, and Athletes, suggests that since the discovery of the temple, the two pediments and six metopes have been treated as entirely separate architectural pieces. Barringer proposes that the pediments and metopes b... ... middle of paper ... ... has to be a common theme among these pieces so that it relates back to the temple. The theme is strength and glory in relation to the local people, as well as a thematic location to the temple. Barringer presents her thesis in an honest and complete fashion.
Athens was just one of many Greek city states around 400 B.C.E, however at the time it was also the strongest. Each city-state had an Acropolis, from the Greek Root Akron or Akros meaning “highest” or “topmost”, which would serve as a kind of fortified hill at time of war. Athens being the most powerful of the city-states, constructed a beautiful temple to the patron goddess Athena instead of the typical citadel you would find in other cities. The Parthenon is not only significant as the symbolic birth of democracy (a limited democracy, but a democracy nonetheless), but also the level of architectural refinement is unsurpassed. This moment is really viewed as the high point in Greek classical culture.
Mallory Warner Pericles (Athens) Golden Age Rough Draft 3/4/14 A golden age is a time when a civilization reaches its highest period of advancement. The Greeks, more specifically the Athenians, reached their highest achievements starting in 477 B.C. This was the beginning of Athens' golden age. The Athenians used the money from the Delian league, a defensive alliance formed at the end of the Persian Wars, to rebuild their city-state. This is also a time when Athens created a direct democracy.
The original statue did not survive until today, but was a very large chryselephantine sculpture. There have been several replicas made, but the most famous is housed in the Parthenon in Athens. This statue was made of gold and ivory and stood around forty feet tall. The statue was hollow with a wooden frame that supported the outer surfaces of the golden material and ivory surface of Athena. In 296 BC, Lachares, a tyrant of Athens, removed the gold sheets from the statue to pay his troops, and