On the surface, it may seem as if the Arab Spring is very bad news for Israel, but perhaps the new leadership in the Middle East could lead to more rational democratic government and longterm peace in the area. Therefore, it is important to look at the situation from multiple lenses as it unfolds every day in order to best predict the long term effects. Before exploring the stipulations, both positive and negative, that the Arab Spring will have on Israel, it is crucial to examine the root causes and main events. Long before the mobs, riots and uprising, there was a deep feeling of discontent within the population of many Arab countries. Severely corrupt governments over the past 3 decades had lead to extremely high unemployment rates and wage gaps between the wealthy and powerful and the dirt poor.
Countless strategies have been set to protect the administrations in countless countries. The demonstrations have additionally hit the Western states a s the United States. But they were possessing disparate basis and aims supplementary than the commercial reasons as it was in the case of Egypt. The demonstrations have seized locale in the US because the people were paining from joblessness afterward the commercial disaster of 2008. Though, these demonstrations should display that the operatives whether in the Arab span as Egypt or in the United States are paining from commercial slowdown.
The "Arab Spring" was a series of demonstrations, riots, and protests that occurred in several Arab nations. Specifically in 2011 there were serious upheavals all over Egypt to overthrow President Hosni Mubarak, then the Armed Forces rule, and then the Muslim Brotherhood leader, Mohamed Morsi. The unique element of this revolution unlike any in early history is the fact that social media plays a huge role in the support for and against the revolutionaries. Both the rebels and the government use videos, the news, and even Facebook to get propaganda out there to further their own causes. Due to all the use of social media and how involved the whole world was in this revolution, it is clear that globalization played a role in the progress and failures all over Egypt in the hopes of becoming a democratic state.
Social media has played an extremely important role in the Arab Spring, creating awareness among other Arab countries as well as the United States. For example, In January 2011, Tunisia underwent their “Jasmine Revolution” which ended the authoritarian regime of former President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali. It sparked activism for political change in many parts of the Arab world. Currently, civil and political liberties have expanded, and Tunisia has experienced far less violence than some other transitional countries, which is illustrated in the data results. However, the use of social media caused the autocratic governments to suppress the public’s civil liberties even more than before the Spring.
John F. Kennedy once said, “Those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable (Good Reads, 2014).” This wise quote sums up the Libyan conflict perfectly. The people of Libya peacefully protested against the Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi who violently retaliated and this led to what the world now refers to as the Libyan conflict. This conflict was one of the many that were apart of the chain of uprisings that spread across the Middle East by civilians trying to gain freedom from their governments. These uprisings were known as the Arab Spring. The Arab Spring started in Tunisia when a man set himself on fire in front of a government building in protest to the actions of a policewoman toward him .
The revolutionary movement in the Middle East started in January 2011 where Tunisian Bouazizi Mohamed, who set himself on fire, ensued to the revolt of his fellow citizens (Pollack 2011). Political and social frustrations led to tremendous discontent of citizens, and massive protests and social movements demanded a change of the country’s political regime. This widespread event was known as “the Arab Spring” and empowered other people in Arab countries who were not satisfied with their sociopolitical standings to revolt against government regimes. This surprising event unfolded in the world arena, which drew attention on an international level. Consequently, it became widely debated by political science scholars, and was the main point of discussion in the Kenneth Pollack’s work.
The way to advance their regime was to eliminate the opposition. Upon capturing an area of land, there were drastic social changes that were used in the name of the regime. The actions of the Nationalists also had negative effects on the nation's economy as many of the people who fell victim to the wartime practices were important to the workforce, causing a shortage of laborers in the areas that were captured. The beginning of the White Terror was the same day as the Nationalists coup d’état, July 17, 1936. The mass killings were premeditated as Emilio Mola had ordered his troops to destroy all traces of the leftist ideal... ... middle of paper ... ...le because it was written by Paul Preston who is the world’s foremost historian on twentieth century Spain.
Democracy- hungry Tunisians began the revolutionary wave of demonstrations and clashes in protest of ill treatment and corruption, beginning a revolutionary wave of protests known as the Arab Spring. The severity of repression in Tunisia was the underlying cause of the Arab spring. Self-immolation, and mass protests mobilized resulted in the overthrow of regime. Major governmental changes and swift reforms were made. The transition to democracy began.
But, as the 1940s came to an end, these liberal parties lost their legitimacy. The rural workers and urban poor were growing unhappy with the current state of affairs and started advocating for more radical changes in the political and economic realm. During this time period, Baathism, which eventually evolved into the Arab Baath Party in 1947, became very prominent in the Arab world. Started by Michael Aflaq and Salah al-Din al-Bitar, the movement was created in Damascus due to the intense nationalism that was sweeping the country in response to the British and French control of the area. The movement gained legitimacy by using sources that Arabians could identify with: history, religion, nationalism, development, freedom, and socialism (Gerner and Schrodt 112).
The careful consideration of the article will follow the chronological order Pollack himself chose to persuasively present his case. Pollack started with his view of why the Arab Spring took place; why the Mohamed Bouazizi’ self-immolation, a single act in Tunisia, inspired the masses on a regional scale. According to him, previously the Middle East had been already experiencing huge economic disasters for some decades: unemployment figures had been growing annually, the corruption took root... ... middle of paper ... ...trong groups loyal to former regimes. By clearly manipulating the US benevolent actions and the overall disappointment that usually comes shortly after revolutions because of unrealized expectations (the Arab Spring did not lead to major overhaul of the system in economic and social terms), they could remobilize support for them and regain power. Yet these debatable points could be somehow justified due to the limitations of his work only being the introduction to the book.