The Arab-Israeli Conflict

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The Arab-Israeli conflict has been ongoing for many years and so far a

peaceful solution to the violence has not been reached. The 'peace

process' aims to find a just, fair and lasting peace solution to the

conflict in the Middle East.

The USA in particular has been very active in looking for a peace

solution. This is because Israel is their ally. There are several

million Jews in the USA and many send money to support Israel. Also

the Arabs used oil as a very successful weapon in the Yom Kippur War,

and the West depends on this oil. This was demonstrated with the price

rises of 1973 that caused economic recession very quickly. The USA

still wished to support Israel, but it was also important not to

offend the Arab countries, and their plentiful oil supplies. Therefore

peace in the Middle East has been the goal of successive American

Presidents.

In the last 30 years there have been several unsuccessful attempts to

find a peace solution for the conflict in the Middle East. In 1973

peace talks opened and this was the first time that Arabs and Israelis

had sat together at a peace conference. UN troops were brought in, and

things seemed to be heading the right way towards peace.

However the first major peace negotiations were in 1977 when the

President Carter of the USA offered to act as mediator for President

Sadat of Egypt and President Begin of Israel, the leaders of the two

sides at that time. The negotiations took place at Carter's holiday

home Camp David. Sadat and Begin agreed to negotiate a peace treaty

and establish democratic relations. Egypt would recognise Israel's

right to exist and Israel would gradually retreat f...

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...map to Peace' will be successful. It will end

up like the previous attempts at peace in the Middle East; Camp David,

Madrid and Oslo, all of which failed. In my opinion there is no reason

why the current Roadmap to Peace will be any different to these

previous failures. The Roadmap has already failed its first target in

May 2003, and does not seem to be heading towards any kind of peace.

The leaders write the agreements but the people of Israel and

Palestine have to live with them, many people on both sides still do

not accept the right for the other to exist. Also there are still

extreme terrorists groups who are never going to be happy with peace,

and are going to jeopardise it every time. Violence in The Middle East

has become a way of life for the people who live there, and its

possible that that will never change.

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