Even when Athens turned against him, he still had a deep love for it, by carrying out his sentence of death, believing he had done a favor for Athens by removing the sickness. Socrates was a visionary of a greater Athens, but was quietly targeted and gun down by those who found fault in him. At the end of Socrates' life, he was not honorably discharged, nor did he receive a corona civica for his attempt in changing Athens for the better, but was condemned to death for stepping out of line, marching in plain site.
Socrates is against the act of suicide. When reading Phaedo, it makes sense to assume that when Socrates does drink the poison, he undermines almost everything he says because he kills himself a few hours before he needs to, and during the hours before his death, he says multiple times and in multiple ways that killing oneself is wrong. When one looks at Socrates death as an act of martyrdom, he does not undermine what he said. In fact, he exemplifies everything he said by drinking the poison early. Socrates is a martyr because a martyr is defined as someone who takes his or her own life for the sake of someone else.
He applies this logic to mean that he must go around Athens and show others that they are not actually wise, so that they can become intelligent like him. As a result, he feels he is helping the society of Athens as a whole. By a small number, Socrates is found guilty and the jury comes to a decision to put Socrates to death. To further his display of haughty behavior Socrates’ response is to say in a mostly joking manner that the city should be giving him a medal of honor. He continues on to reject exile and prison time, suggesting that he pay a fine.
Socrates, by stirring up conversations and inquiries prevents the state from becoming careless, narrow-minded, and fanatical; basically, a life that is not worth living. The youths will believe what knowledge politicians, philosophers and artisans claim to have but with Socrates way of life some began to question or examine what they were told to think about these “honorable” men. If Socrates is put to death, Athens looses its chance of consciousness, unless another “gadfly” arrives. (The
Socrates Socrates spent his time questioning people about things like virtue, justice, piety and truth. The people Socrates questioned are the people that condemned him to death. Socrates was sentenced to death because people did not like him and they wanted to shut him up for good. There was not any real evidence against Socrates to prove the accusations against him. Socrates was condemned for three major reasons: he told important people exactly what he thought of them, he questioned ideas that had long been the norm, the youth copied his style of questioning for fun, making Athenians think Socrates was teaching the youth to be rebellious.
In Plato’s dialogue, Phaedo, Echecrades asks Phaedo the details of Socrates’ last day alive. Phaedo first describes his own countenance as well as the rest of Socrates’ companions as “an unaccustomed mixture of pleasure and pain” because they all know that Socrates’ death is imminent, however they see that Socrates appears happy and without fear (58, e). The conversation with Socrates turns to why a philosopher should not fear death. Socrates defines death as the separation of the soul from the body (64, c). He states that the body is a constant impediment to a philosopher in their search for the truth.
Socrates was a very wise man but hated by many due to this. His arrogance resulted in him being abhorred by many. A man named Chaerephon had asked the oracle of Delphi whether there was anyone wiser than Socrates. The answer was no and this surprised Socrates. He decided to go find out for himself if he was the wisest by going around and testing the wisdom of the most revered men in society.
The greatest and most significant action that describes Socrates as always thinking and acting as a philosopher is dying for philosophy. Socrates’ death was caused by his philosophy. He had the opportunities to escape his death, yet he did not take none of them. He took none of those opportunities for the same reason he was having his death sentence. His philosophy.
Socrates cannot believe this oracle, so he sets out to disprove it by finding someone who is wiser. He goes to a politician, who is thought wise by him self and others. Socrates does not think this man to be wise and tells him so. As a consequence, the politician hated Socrates, as did others who heard the questioning. "I am better off, because while he knows nothing but thinks that he knows, I neither know nor think that I know" (Socrates).
Socrates attracts young followers who become interested in his inquiry and thinking, which lead to the second charge again him on trail—He does injustice by corrupting the youth. Socrates responds by using Sophistry. First, he entices Meletus, the prosecutor, to assert that every Athenian who knows law is good educator for the young while Socrates alone corrupts them. Socrates then uses an analogy of horsemanship to demonstrate that only a few can become expert educators, which counters what Meletus claimed. Socrates also utilizes the vanity of Athenians that only the few intelligent people such as themselves know about law and education.