Socrates also taught Pheidippides that Greek Gods should not be credited (Aristophanes 247). These examples provide the foundation for Meletus’ new accusation that Socrates does injustice by corrupting the youth. During this time, the youth respected the elderly and worshipped the Greek Gods and Goddesses. Pheidippides’ physical condemnation of his father suggests that he neither respects nor honors his father, which goes against societal virtues and norms. From Meletus’ point of view, Socrates “corrupted the young” by teaching dishonor to one’s elders and disbelief of the Gods.
He truly believed he was meant to live a philosophical li... ... middle of paper ... ...t of Socrates charges were due to Meletus accusing Socrates of his various crimes. A second reason to support the issue of Socrates corrupting the minds of young men was the influence of Meletus and his hand in the trail. Socrates had a sour view of Meletus; he was ignorant, arrogant, and unrestrained thus impious. Likewise Socrates wanted believed Meletus destroyed any possibility of genuine education with sophist relativism. Socrates even says before the judges,” They know very well Meletus is lying, and claims speaking the truth”(pg.
Unclear. Socrates follows the legal method accepted in Athens. How does that make him egocentric?, neverthel... ... middle of paper ... ...he had embarrassed; although he did bring enlightenment to the youth, he was sentenced to death. Socrates, however, does not fight this ruling but instead names it unjust and awaits his punishment. In Crito he accepts his death penalty by understanding that it was not by the authority of the laws but instead the men of Athens.
In “Crito,” Plato uses Socrates as a tool to argue the point. Socrates is in jail for “preaching false gods” and “corrupting the youth” by causing them to doubt or disregard the wisdom of their elders. His friend Crito comes to visit and pleads with him to escape from his imprisonment and death sentence. Socrates asks Crito to give him one good reason that will hold up to scrutiny to persuade him, and then he will choose to escape. Crito brings up how people would think of him because he wouldn’t spend his money to get his friend out of jail.
Suicide is defined as taking one’s life for the sake of oneself. Killing oneself, does not necessarily mean suicide because suicide is inherently selfish and completely focused on the individual. The reason for killing oneself changes whether it is suicide or not. Suicide has a very negative connotation, and according to Socrates, to “…take his own life…is not right” (Plato 98). Socrates is against the act of suicide.
The new accusers, as Socrates called them, were Meletus, Lycon, and Anytas. He was found guilty, but many today and then argue for his innocence, including Socrates himself. He thought himself innocent, but still accepted his death with courage out of his patriotism for Athens. Socrates could have avoided his d... ... middle of paper ... ... accepted his penalty out of patriotism. Socrates is the meaning of Patriot when it comes to Athens.
Although, I expected that people would react this way to my actions, or lack of actions, regarding Socrates death. For Socrates, being executed was the only option available to him. Of course we, his friends, could have helped him to escape, but what would that prove? It would only go against everything that Socrates has taught us. It would also defy everything that Socrates stood for in life.
Another charge that is brought upon Socrates is that of he is making up new Gods and disregarding the old Gods the Athenians believe in. These were the charges brought on Socrates. Socrates starts his defense by addressing the jury and telling them that his accusers had a prepared speech, while Socrates' speech will be completely improvised. Socrates continued to further disassociate himself from the opponents by telling the jury to forgive him for his conversational tone in his speech, for that's how he best speaks. He also asks the jury to keep an open mind and not concentrate on how his defense is delivered, but the substance of his defense.
During Socrates’ life on earth, he challenged traditional thinking in an honest, down to earth way and set the fundamentals of modern western philosophy. However, meletus, a young, egotistical person with the goal to destroy Socrates’ life for “corrupting the yout,” condemned him to death. Conversely, Meletus was actually the person who corrupted the youth for two obvious reasons; he is ignorant and careless. First of all, there was no legitimate reason Socrates should have been brought to court and absolutely no reason he should have been found guilty. Socrates lived a humble, poor life so that he could spread his wise words throughout the land.
Socrates does not respect Euthyphro, he proves this by continuing to defend himself with the truth, calling his accusers “all those who persuaded you by means of envy and slander,” therefore he would not respect Dionysus either (Plato, Apology, 18d). This parallel between Euthyphro and Dionysus is also shown through their inability to recognize their own ignorance. Euthyphro claims he “would be in no way different from other men, if [he] did not have exact knowledge about all such things” in reference to divine law and holiness (Plato, Euthyphro, 4e). Dionysus, through his actions, is claiming to know all and does not acknowledge any ignorance he may have. As a god, he inclines he is entitled to his actions.