Marvel’s poem to “His Coy Mistress” with its carpe diem theme is cleverly quoted in Hemingway’s novel “A Farewell to Arms”. The theme of seduction and living in the moment is apparent through several characters in the novel. Alcohol is also referenced throughout the story and used as a vice by the soldiers to think about the moment and not about the future. Catherine’s character is a perfect example of carpe diem. And war and violence force the mentality to live in the moment.
In the article, “Sharon Olds” the author states, “Olds is known for writing intensely personal, emotionally scathing poetry which graphically depicts family life as well as global political events”. Throughout the poem Olds uses graphic imagery to tell about this experience that she has had. She uses words such as “death-grip holding to life, violent hands clasped tight barley moving, like being closed in a great jaw and eaten”. The thought of rape should come with the use of these words and sex because of how violent it is but at no point in the poem does she say she does want to be having sex or wish it would stop. Then at the end of the poem she goes on to say that “you secured me in your arms till I slept- that was love” this part of the poem is saying that it isn’t sex that she thinks is love it is being held by the one by a special someone.
Web. 3 March 2014. “Cold Harbor”. Saving America’s Civil War Battlefields: Civil War Trust. Civil War Trust.
Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 1999: 45-52. Waldmeir, Joseph. “Confiteor Hominem: Ernest Hemingway’s Religion of Man” Modern Critical Interpretations: Ernest Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea. Ed. Harold Bloom.
To his suicidal death in 1961, Hemingway composed a plethora of works that centered around was a major theme. In his popular 1926 novel, The Sun Also Rises, Hemingway illustrates how war plays a huge role in the real world and character identity. Although the novel features a fresh literary style, enjoyable dialogue, and beautifully constructed meaning, “nothing leads anywhere in the book, and that is perhaps the real point of it” (Young). The characters that Hemingway creates rarely mention the war; nevertheless, it affects everything they do and say. Jake Barnes, the protagonist of the novel, suffers from an emasculating war wound that results “in his frustrated love for an Englishwoman whom time and misfortune have driven into alcoholism, promiscuity, and self-destructive irresponsibility” (Sanderson).
War is now where the soldiers ... ... middle of paper ... ...; and to achieve national glory, spirits are broken repeatedly until the point where they only wish to die. The result is war, an outcome of the cruel and senseless world where violence is the backslash of violence. There is no glory here; there is only condemnation. The cynical words of Hemingway's characters are his own, the apathetic attitude of Fred is meant to represent himself, and the irony of the destruction on nature, is just one more reason why Hemingway opposes the war. Hiding behind his characters, it's the diary of Hemingway himself.
Three works of literature really bring out the full negative effects of battle both physically and psychologically. “Othello” by William Shakespeare, short story “The Things They Carried” by Tim O’Brien and the poem “The Battle” by poet Louis Simpson really stress the negative mental aspects of fighting in a battle. Some of the many common links throughout the stories is that they all include various symbols, vivid imagery, and explicit figurative language to display intense emotion dealing with the horrors of war. These writers proves that the psychological aspect even causes the downfall of characters rather than any kind of physical harm. The literary terms proves that the psychological effect war gives is worse then the demanding physical challenge.