The And Prevention Of Juvenile Delinquency

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Prof. Lisa Hall Charles Sams (Research Paper) Principles of Crime Scene Investigation Causes and Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency in the United States today. In today’s America, Juvenile Delinquency might not be at an all time high but is still a very staggering and concerning when it comes to statistics. In 2012, there were 3,941 arrests for every 100,000 youths, from the ages of 10 through 17, as opposed to 9,500 in 1995 (OJJDP). Although there was been a 41% decrease in arrests, these numbers and statistics are always fluctuating year to year. There is a saying by, George Gordon Byron that “History, with all her volumes vast, hath but one page”, referring to history always repeating its self. If this statement holds true today’s society will have a complex, difficult, and tasking burden of juvenile delinquents who will become adult criminals. A community, in which juvenile delinquents exist, must have the proper tools and programs to help divert youth from taking the wrong paths in life that will eventually lead to a doomed society. Furthermore, taking the time to understand the cause of delinquency is a crucial element in its prevention. “The history of the juvenile justice in the United States began during the colonial period. Before it inception the family was the main origin of social control of the youth” (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p.5). In the frontier years, the upbringing of children was not the task of the government. The youths were subject to the parent’s rules and were punished by them. However, as society developed and the city become larger juvenile behavior evolved as well furthermore, “in the 1800s, the state seeing growth of developing cites and the effect it was having on the young population,... ... middle of paper ... punishment as their adult counterpart. “The courts often are face with the decision when a juvenile commit what is other wise considered an adult crime” (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p. 155). Another question of juvenile delinquency is the harshness of the offense the juvenile commit. The problem deals with offenses such as Status offenses, which are actions committed by juvenile that can cause them to be arrested. Status offenses are violation such as non-attendance, drinking, runaways, and uncontrollable behavior. The offenses are considered minor offenses and some think that the parents should be responsible for the crime committed. This issue led to the question; to what extent can the guardians be held liable for supervision of juveniles? Moreover, if the guardians can’t maintain their children ,what are neighborhood resources available at them?
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