Democracy is a unique type of government, and the purpose of this essay is to illustrate the strengths and weaknesses that a democratic government provides. I will detail that many components of this type of society are both strengths and weakness as each component has beneficial aspects as well as unavoidable pitfalls. A democracy is a government by the people, in which the power is vested in the people themselves. The people then elect representatives who conduct their power in a free electoral system. The Declaration of Independence, which says that all men are created equal, was written on the premise of a democracy.
"What Americans would not do…for the vindication of a fundamental first principle: the right of the people to determine their own future," comments Albert R. Papa in his article "The Allure of Civics Book Democracy". While nearly all Americans recognize the benefits of a democratic nation, the Federalists maintain that often times, minority and ma... ... middle of paper ... ...stem is to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a few, the presidential veto hardly accomplishes this goal. Although the president cannot create new law, his ability to prevent new law resembles the power held by a dictator. How democratic can one man's vote be? The Federalists believed in a form of government that is not consistent with the textbook definition of "majority rules".
Some would define it as a form of government where the people rule, others as where the poor rule, and I would say it is where everyone contributes in how the government is ran but do not control the final decisions made. In Aristotle 's "Democracy and Oligarchy", he discusses the different kinds of democracies that exist and how equality plays a huge role in defining it. Without equality, or even limiting it, it can change a democracy into an oligarchy. He goes into detail about each kind there is and further analyzes how regardless of having similar elements, they are each unique in their own way. Having been given examples and definitions of true democracies, I strongly believe it is impossible to have a democracy without equality for then it would not be a democracy but a form of oligarchy.
Individual freedom is not only objectively good; it is necessary for a government to work effectively. Democracy provides a protection and safety that the totalitarian states of communism and fascism do not. Safety and confidence in the system preclude political participation on an individual level, which leads to a more fair and representative government overall. In his lecture The Liberty of the Ancients Compared with that of the Moderns, Benjamin Constant enumerates some of the reasons democracy has emerged as the world’s preeminent form of government. Whereas in antiquity, “the condition of the human race… made it impossible then for [representative government] to be introduced or es... ... middle of paper ... ...has been shown that, although democracy deals with its own engrained challenges, it is by far the most benevolent form of government on a fundamental level compared to all other viable alternatives.
For Aristotle, a virtuous government is one that’s rules is done aristocratically; meaning that merit plays the basis of governance. In a democracy, however, as Aristotle describes it, ruling should be done on the basis of numerical equality. This means that everybody partakes in the ruling of the city-state. Aristotle makes the conclusion that no one has additional rights than another, after he points out if everyone is equal in ruling then either none should rule another or where there must be common rule. This leads to a non-virtuous form of government, because if the choices are made by people who do not agree with, or believe the telos of the city-state, then the telos of the city-state will never be reached, therefore making the government non-virtuous.
In order for a government to be considered virtuous its need to rule for the common good of its people. The government has to achieve its telos; the good for its citizens. By allowing the citizens to dictate the way of rule they are creating a government which is non-virtuou... ... middle of paper ... ...olved in decision-making. A subsequent limitation was that the criteria needed for a successful democratic government are unrealistic. The citizens of the city-state No city-state was going to be able to live off of those standards.
The ideal and the real. The ideal is that democracy that listens to everyone and gives freedom as well as equality. For example, there is direct democracy, in which every person votes to come to an agreement. This is a type of democracy that cannot be accomplished in the United States due to the population size. Instead we have what is called a representative democracy or the real type of democracy.
Citizens play a role in both of these types of government. Under absolute control, they serve to the government. In a democracy, they have an equal right, just like a figure of authority. In Lord of the Flies, a character named Ralph tries to commence a democracy that consists of justice and freedom, but cannot achieve this effort due to this flaws in
Our government benefits us, the citizens, through the form of government known as democracy. It protects our rights, aids our citizens, and protects our rights that our country holds for us the, the people. The nation, led by democracy, can have great systems of checks and balances that make a federal government and a state government work so well, which is why more countries should try to embrace a democratic view of government.
Rather which system more benevolently serves the people, since “democracy is the government of the people, by the people, for the people”. Despite participatory democracy being the most democratic of the two systems of government, representative democracy feasibility and efficiency, makes it the most formidable for Mars. Participatory democracy, in its true form, is dismissed simply for its practicality of use. With a population of 11 million it would be impossible for everyone to join in on every legislation and law. However impossible it may be, representative democracy is true democracy.