Independence of Britain was definitely not impossible for the American colonists at this point. In 1763, Britain defeated France in the French and Indian war, which led to major economic debt for Britain. To appease their debt, Britain tried taxing the colonies starting with the Stamp Act. According to the Stamp Act, colonists had to pay for authorized stamps on all of the public documents. In an act of rebellion towards the British as a result of the Stamp Act, there was a boycott on the goods that Britain was taxing, which later pushed Parliament to revoke the Stamp Act in 1766.
The Articles of Confederation created a new American Republic which was only replaced with a more democratic government under the Constitution. With this, it can be said that the outcome of the American Revolution was not a radical departure from America had been prior to 1763 but later, with the introduction of the constitution, developed unto a revolutionary society. Before 1763, the English empire had taxed the colonies but only to regulate trade and enforcement of these laws was minimal. A turning point came at the end of the French and Indian war in 1763. The British empire had rung up a large debt fighting the French and looked to the colonies, as they were the subject to the war, to pay off these debts.
Later, when the Quartering Act was passed, Americans complained against not only the taxation, but also an infringement on their rights of property. Before the conflict between Britain and France over the Ohio Valley and Canada, America was given practically free reign over its political liberties too. It set up colonial legislatures and citizenship by the act of owning land. Its government system wasn’t based on birthright and a monarch, they were for individual freedoms and the right to participate in government. But when the “tyrannical'; King George jumped in demanding control of the colonies, they were angered and looked for a way to keep their liberties.
The Articles of Confederation on November 15, 1777 were accepted by Congress, but not ratified by all the states until March 1, 1781, Maryland was the last state to ratify. The Articles were a humble attempt to form a national government by a new country trying to unite itself. The Articles of Confederation, however, wanted the states to have the majority of the power. The Articles government was very weak, but this was done on purpose, because after finally gaining independence from Britain, they feared that a strong central government would lead to an empowerment of another monarchy. Alexander Hamilton called for a convention to be held in Massachusetts to advise congress to “render the constitution”.
Parliament tried to establish power in the New World by issuing a series of laws. The passage of these laws undermined the Colonist’s loyalty to Britain and stirred the Americans to fight for their freedom. The colonies also accepted England’s right to monitor trade. The change of course in 1767 was what really riled the colonies. England began to slowly tighten its imperial grip to avoid a large reaction from the colonists.
Why did the American Revolution take place? The American Revolution (1763-1783) was a pivotal period in the history of the United States. During this tempestuous era, the thirteen English North American mainland colonies were able, against seemingly overwhelming odds, to secure their independence from Great Britain, to design a revolutionary philosophy, and to create a government and society that implemented the revolutionary ideals of freedom, liberty, and equality. The root cause of the American Revolution was taxation without representation. The British Parliament was exploiting its colonies to pay for the war debt accrued from the French and Indian War.
Among the many complex factors that contributed to instigating the American Revolution, two stand out most clearly: England’s imposition of taxation on the colonies and the failure of the British to gain consent of those being governed, along with the military measures England took on the colonists. Adding to these aforementioned factors were the religious and political legacy of the colonies, and the restriction of civil liberties by the British. Parliamentary taxation was undoubtedly one of the greatest factors inspiring the American public to rebel in the years leading up to the American Revolution. One of the most striking examples of this kind of taxation was the Stamp Act of 1765. After many years of fighting, England badly needed revenues from their colonies, and they sought to acquire these revenues from the New World, thereby increasing their influence over the colonial governments.
The American Revolution (1775-1783) was a war between England and the colonies which were settled earlier by the English. There were many factors and events that led to the American Revolution. The Revolution was mainly an economic rebellion that was fueled by taxation without representation following the French and Indian War. The English Parliament was more often than not considered cruel and unfair by the colonists. With conflicts over trade, taxes and government representation, the colonies were at a starting line of a revolution that would later transform into the basis of the United States of America.
The American Revolution (1775-1783) was a revolution was based on British implemented high taxes, which lead to the American revolting against the British authority. The reason why the American Colonialist revolted because they wanted representation in Parliament, which is the reason why many primary documents during this time emphasize “no taxation without representation”. With the events such as Stamp Act, the Boston Tea Party and the first shots fired upon of the revolutionary war at the battle of Lexington and Concord led the American Colonialist to sign the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. At the end of the revolution in 1783, Britain had lost significant land to the newly formed United States of America. However, during the American Revolution there was a different narrative that was unaccounted for; Colin Callaway’s book The American Revolution in Indian Country: Crisis and Diversity in Native American Communities explores the unaccounted stories of indigenous people and nations during the American Revolution.
After the national government under the Articles of Confederation had failed, a convention was called to improve the document and strengthen the national government. Each state sent delegates that would submit a new plan for Congress to approve. A problem arose when the large and small states disagreed on what kind of representation was needed. Large states wanted proportional representation that would give them a majority of votes in the national legislature. Small states wanted equal representation which would give them the majority of votes in the national legislature.