Why is the Film Industry one of the largest and fastest growing industries in the world? Simple. People like entertainment. Movies are entertainment. Movies are like books, only they're visual. People like seeing other people cast in roles, and playing out a story. Why not turn to plays instead, you ask? Movies give people the actors and the stories, along with background music, special effects, and overall satisfaction within a 2 hour period of time. Movies can also take you to a physical state that theatre can not. They take you to real physical locations instead of just a cardboard stages. It's the same reason people like television so much.
The birth of cinema came in the late 1800s. One of the major reasons for the emergence of motion pictures in the 1890s was the late 1880s development of a camera that could capture movement, and a sprocket system that could move the film through the camera. William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, a young assistant in Thomas Edison's laboratories, designed an early version of a movie-picture camera - called a Kinetograph - that was first patented by Edison in 1893. Early in 1893, the world's first film studio, the "Black Maria", was built on the grounds of Edison's laboratories at West Orange, New Jersey and the first successful motion picture was made - a re-creation of a sneeze. Most of the earliest moving images were non-fictional, unedited, crude documentary views of simple, ordinary slices of life - street scenes, the activities of police or firemen, or shots of a passing train.
Then, in 1894, along came another marvelous Edison Company invention in the mid 1890s - the Kinetoscope. It was basically a bulky, coin-operated movie peep show viewer for a single customer, in which the images on a continuous film loop-belt were viewed in motion as they were rotated in front of a shutter and a light. On Saturday, April 14th, 1894, the Holland Brothers opened their original Kinetoscope Parlor at 1155 Broadway in New York City and for the first time, commercially exhibited movies as we know them today. Early spectators in Kinetoscope parlors were amazed by even the most strange moving images in very short films (between 30 and 60 seconds) - an approaching train, a parade, women dancing, dogs terrorizing rats, and other such things. In 1895, Edison exhibited hand-colored movies, i...
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...e, and technologically advanced economy in the world, with a per capita GDP of $31,500, the largest among major industrial nations. In the United States there are more than 1,500 (including nearly 1,000 stations affiliated with the five major networks-NBC, ABC, CBS, FOX, and PBS; in addition, there are about 9,000 cable TV systems) television broadcasting systems, and more than 550 movie studios. That was the rate in 1997. Now, those figures have gone up by about 56%. Americans like entertainment. That's what they spend their money on.
Each year the movie industry earns more and more money. It's not just that movies are gaining larger audiences, and more movies are being produced, but it's the fact that movie prices are rising. Ticket prices are at a peak, selling in some places for as much as $10.50 a pop. Not to mention when movies come out for sale, most VHS start at a record breaking $24.99, and most DVDs start st $39.99. Why are the movie bosses charging this much? Simply because they can. People would probably pay even more if they had to, and in my opinion they'll soon have to. American has adopted movies into their family, and they don't want to stop watching them.
In this essay, the author
Explains why the american film industry is one of the largest and fastest growing industries in the world. movies are like books, only they're visual. people like seeing other people cast in roles, and playing out a story.
Explains that the earliest moving images were non-fictional, unedited, crude documentary views of simple, ordinary slices of life — street scenes, police or firemen, or shots of a passing train.
Describes the invention of the kinetoscope, which was a bulky, coin-operated movie peep show viewer for one customer.
Explains that the ten year peiod of 1920-1930 was the period between the end of the great war and the stock market crash. film theaters and studios were not initially affected by the crash.
Explains that the motion picture association of america (mpaa) acted domestically as the voice and advocate of seven of the largest producers and distributors of filmed entertainment.
Explains that warner bros. pictures incorporated in 1923, mgm, columbia pictures, and mca (music corporation of america) were founded or founded. america was the leading producer of films in the world, using thomas ince's "factory system" of production.
Explains that the 1930s decade was the most memorable era of all, with the term "golden age of hollywood". it was also the decade of sound revolution, color revolution and the advancement of film genres.
Analyzes how the early talkies were successful at the box-office, but many of them were of poor quality — dialogue-dominated play adaptations with stilted acting and an unmoving camera or microphone.
Explains that walt disney's animated story flowers and trees was the first feature-length film produced in three-color technicolor. the wizard of oz and gone with the wind were expensively produced.
Explains that the american film industry was popular, prosperous, powerful, and productive during the 40s. hollywood film production reached its peak during 1943 to 1946, more than a decade after the rise of sound film.
Explains that the 50s decade was known for many things: post-war affluence and increased choice of leisure time activities, conformity, middle-class values, the advent of television, drive-in theaters where young teenaged couples could find privacy in their hot-rods, and the rise of the anti-hero.
Explains that cinema in the 1960s reflected the decade of fun, fashion, and tremendous social change. with movie audiences declining due to television, major american film companies began diversifying with other forms of entertainment.
Explains how hollywood studios were being taken over by multi-national companies, and the age of "packaged" films and independent producers began.
Explains that the 1970s was a creative high point in the us film industry and hollywood was renewed and reborn.
Analyzes how the 1960s social activism turned into an inward narcissism and yet this uncertain age gave rise to some of the finest, boldest pictures ever made.
Explains that the 1980s tended to consolidate the gains made in the seventies rather than initiate any new trends.
Explains how hollywood's film budgets skyrocketed due to special effects and inflated salaries, and the way was opened for foreign ownership of hollywood properties.
Describes how robert zemeckis' who framed roger rabbit seamlessly blended animated cartoon characters and live action in a hard-boiled, 1940s-style hollywood murder mystery. disney studios returned to its old-fashioned film values with honey, i shrunk the kids.
Explains that the average film budget was almost $53 million by 1998, but many films cost over $100 million to produce. higher costs for star salaries and agency fees, expensive market research and testing, and big-budget marketing all contributed to the inflated, excessive spending in the film industry.
Explains that the vcr was a popular appliance in most households, and rentals of videotapes were big business. in 1999, eduardo sanchez and daniel myrick's low-budget, roughly-made, offbeat independent film the blair witch project became the most profitable film (percentage-wise).
Explains that in the late 80s and 90s, many of the films that were produced went directly to video with no cinematic release at all. the first new hollywood studio in many decades, dream works, was formed in 1994.
Explains that hollywood was attempting to deal with serious themes, such as homelessness, the holocaust, aids, and feminism, while making bottom-line profits.
Analyzes how special effects-laden, predictably-scripted apocalpytic disaster films racked up huge profits. george lucas' computer-generated return to his epic saga with star wars episode i: the phantom menace, and writer-directors andy and larry wachowski's ambitious virtual-reality flick the matrix won four academy awards.
States that the us has the most powerful, diverse, and technologically advanced economy in the world, with a per capita gdp of $31,500, the largest among major industrial nations.
Opines that the movie industry earns more and more money every year. the movie prices are rising, and people would pay even more if they had to.
The new innovations and changes to American life in the 20th century critically impacted the time and place of the 1920's movie industry explosion. New technology like automobiles and radios would help adapt Americans to the future movie industry and put them in the position to connect and travel like never before. The ability to have faster transportation to public places and easily maintain connection between people prepared the movie industry for the push that it would soon experience.
In this essay, the author
Explains that movies gave citizens escapement from the outside world, and the theater was a dazzling and calming place where americans could get away.
Explains that universal studio became one of the first ‘big five’ studios, along with paramount, fox, warner brothers and columbia.
Describes the success of the first successful full-feature film, birth of a nation, which made over 18 million dollars in revenue. it adapted most of its story line from the book the clansman.
Explains how the invention of automobiles and radios helped adapt americans to the 1920's movie industry explosion. the film don juan was the first with a synchronized film score.
Explains that high prices of theater construction and management would result in bankruptcy and abandonment later on during the great depression.
Art critic Robert Hughes once said, “People inscribe their histories, beliefs, attitudes, desires and dreams in the images they make.” When discussing the mediums of photography and cinema, this belief of Hughes is not very hard to process and understand. Images, whether they be still or moving, can transform their audiences to places they have either never been before or which they long to return to. Images have been transporting audiences for centuries thanks to both the mediums of photography and cinema and together they gone through many changes and developments. When careful consideration is given to these two mediums, it is acceptable to say that they will forever be intertwined, and that they have been interrelated forms of art, communication and entertainment ever since Thomas Edison successfully invented the first Kinetoscope in 1894. Photography itself, as well as the photographical aspects of cinema (cinematography), have influenced our society for decades and have literally shaped the pacing of our lives, changed what we think about and even what we think with.
In this essay, the author
Analyzes how images, whether still or moving, can transform audiences to places they have either never been before or which they long to return to.
Opines that a person who appreciates the art of photography takes their time and concentrates on the object, person or event they are trying to capture.
Opines that cinematography captures the true essence of an event and scene. it retains and restores things memory alone can't recover, not to mention its auxiliary agencies.
Explains that edison's kinetoscope was the result of many years of work and advances before it.
Explains the invention of the camera obscura, which led to the development of moving pictures. niepce took the first successful portrait of cardinal of amboise using heliography.
Explains that the first kinetoscope was made of celluloid, which made the film strong and flexible, and allowed for film to be drawn on.
Explains how the lumiére brothers invented the cinématographe, which was a filming and projection device.
Compares the kinetoscope and cinématographe films and images, stating that historians, critics and inventors debated which machine was better.
Explains that edison's first films were purely attraction films, real people being filmed doing a certain activity.
Compares the lumiére brothers' first films with edison's leaving the factory, which depicted everyday people and was more accepted by audiences. both films had incredible impacts on entertainment and leisure time.
Explains that before films and edison's invention of the kinetoscope and the lumiére brothers cinèmatographe, there were photographs.
Explains how photography and the professional photographic techniques of the art form changed multiple qualities of cinema.
Analyzes how film changed the way people thought about entertainment and what they cared about in their lives.
Explains that movies were an inexpensive form of entertainment and they did not last very long. they were shown in vaudeville houses, amusement parks, lectures, parlors, and even in churches.
Analyzes how edison and other filmmakers used the uncle josh technique to teach audiences how to live, act and think.
Explains that the advent of film and the concept of moving pictures were so foreign to most audiences that they had to slowly learn how to watch a film.
Explains that films were made based on the different cultural ideals of the times, such as the uncle josh films teaching american's how they should live their lives. audiences envied the people and characters in the movies.
Explains that photography and film are so incredibly related with one another, that you can not ignore that they have so much in common.
Describes the works of andrew, dudley, and sally shafto. the image in dispute, art and cinema in the age of photography.
Explains neale, steve, petro, patrice, and steven j. ross, eds. movies and american society.
Regardless of the barriers that plague the industry or the other mediums emerging, the film industry continues to have a special place in the hearts of many today. The film industry sparked a change in culture and society dating back to when it first started in the 1920s. There were a large number of people going to the movie theaters during this time, more people even went to the movie theater than the church on Sundays during this time (Weinbrenner 2011). With so many people watching movies every day, the way people perceived the world had changed based on the movies that they had watched. Movies had caused the people who watched them to believe that whatever they saw on the screen is rational and realistic (Weinbrenner 2011). This changed how the behaviors of people were perceived in society.
In this essay, the author
Explains that the film industry sparked a change in culture and society in the 1920s. movies made people believe that what they saw on the screen was rational and realistic.
Opines that the film industry must overcome the internet in order to be successful. the movie theater remains crucial to the industry to make more revenue.
Technology has had a huge impact on the world, especially the film industry. It has had a long past and as the technology advances, it becomes more and more realistic. It all began with the first machine patented in the United States that showed animated pictures or movies. It was called the “wheel of life” or “zoopraxiscope” and was patented in 1867 by William Lincoln. Moving drawings or photographs were watched through a slit in the zoopraxiscope. However, modern motion picture making began with the invention of the motion picture camera. Frenchman Louis Lumiere is usually credited with the creation of the first motion picture camera in 1895, but several others were invented around the same time. What Lumiere invented was a portable motion picture camera, film processing unit and a projector called the Cinematography, all three functions in one invention. This made motion pictures very popular and it is also known as beginning the motion picture era. In 1895, Lumiere and his brother were the first to present projected, moving, photographic pictures to a paying audience of more than one person. However, they were also not the first to project film. In 1891, the Edison Company successfully demonstrated the Kinetoscope which allowed one person at a time to view moving pictures. Also in 1896, he showed the improved Vitascope projector and it was the first commercially successful projector in the United States.
In this essay, the author
Explains that technology has had a huge impact on the world, especially the film industry.
Explains how early films were short, grainy, grayscale, and silent but technology improved. filmmakers sought ways to escape the bounds of reality through special effects, like they continue to do today.
Explains how computer animation techniques can be used to create 3-d scenes from 2-d images, camera angles, and a light source.
Analyzes how computer generated actors blur the line between reality and fiction and raises questions for actors, agents, and directors. technology in the film industry has brought many exciting and helpful inventions for film.
Explains that parsons, june j., and oja, dan. computer concepts 8th edition. united states: course technology, 2006.
When film first started, it started as a magic lantern, which is an object that presents dinner entertainment by spinning pictures. They were also known as “motion toys”. Motion toys soon began to compete with magic lanterns and the man who created the praxiniscope developed to praxiniscope theatre which
In this essay, the author
Explains that filmmaking is an art like no other. it brings people together to create magnificent stories that people can view either on their television or on the big screen.
Explains that motion toys competed with magic lanterns and created the praxiniscope theatre, which was later known as theater optique.
Describes how thomas edison created the kintegraph, which was similar to a camera except it automatically took pictures of the moving image every half second. the kintescope was able to run loops of film past an electric light source.
Explains that the first film class was organized in 1929 by rufus b. von kleinsmid, president of the university of southern california, and the academy of motion picture arts and sciences.
Explains that today's filmmaking is not the same as it was fifty or sixty years ago. people today go to the theater to seek entertainment by watching movies of their favorite genre or something they find interesting to them.
Explains that people who use the video camera are those who shoot and record television programs, motion pictures, and events that can be aired on television.
Explains that early films were accompanied by live commentary in which the narrator would be explaining the story. by 1930, all major studios had converted to sound production.
Explains that one form of lighting isn't necessarily better than the other. it all depends on what the desired effect is.
Opines that final cut pro wins an emmy for its impact on the television industry, and a significant number of hollywood films are edited with it.
Explains that writing is one of the most important parts of movie making since it is the phase where the plan of a movie is created.
Explains that the pre-production stage of filmmaking generally starts with producers talking with one another to discuss the concept and possible actors for the movie they wish to produce.
Explains that the production phase of a movie includes acting, cinematography, costume design, directing, lighting, design and of course filming.
Explains that the most crucial part of the movie-making process begins once filming is finished. the editor carries out many stages of editing to shape the final arrangement of shots that make a finished film.
Opines that good movies provide fun, comedy, entertainment, and recreation for the viewers. many viewers seek suspense stories or family films which are suitable for all age groups.
Opines that a film can have such an enormous impact on people, but it can also be an excellent tool when used properly and for the right reasons.
Explains that film communication specialises in all forms of persuasive communication via film or video, for internal and external audiences. we have a deep understanding of corporate, commercial and political cultures.
Analyzes how movies can be learning tools for a mass audience. war movies such as "the tuskegee airmen" and "memphis belle" depict actual events of historical wars.
The 18th century has marked the commencement of the innovation of cinematography. The invention of cinema owes its existence to a few investors and scientists who are broadly known for laying down its foundation. Among those pioneers are the Lumiere brothers who were some of the earliest contributors to cinema, inventing the first real film camera called the "cinematographe", which effectively functioned as a camera, projector and printer all in one (Barnauw, 1993:6). Thus giving rise to the art of film making. Initially, in the early years of cinema since there was no developed structure [or language] to tell cinematic stories, the early Lumiere brother?s films such as Workers leaving the Lumiere factory (1895) and The Arrival of a Train at the Station (1895), were composed of a single shot, no camera movement and only one continuous action from beginning to end (Obalil, 2007).
In this essay, the author
Analyzes how american filmmakers edwin porter and d.w griffith built on early films by the lumiere brothers and george melies.
Explains that the lumiere brothers invented the first real film camera called the "cinematographe", which effectively functioned as a camera, projector and printer all in one.
Explains that since the camera was fixed and captured only what were before its lens without any manipulation these films told objective reality. this novelty of seeing a presentation of?reality? captivated the audience of its era.
Narrates how the novelty of cinema and lumiere brothers' short films fascinated melies, who was later to further develop this medium.
Analyzes how melies discovered that film had the capacity for manipulating and distorting time and space. he used this effect in some of his films like strange adventure of new york drummer.
Analyzes how lumiere developed a film language based on separate scenes edited together in sequential order, developing the first technique for narrating constructive stories.
Explains that melies developed the idea of composing film narratives from separate scenes, but never moved beyond this stage in his later films. his scenes continued to be made up of single shots, involving a lot of special effects work.
Explains that e.s porter, like most early filmmakers, took ideas from others, mostly melies, but tried to improve on what he borrowed. porter was the american filmmaker who first put film editing to use.
Analyzes how porter's film life of an american fireman uses a profound but strange editing skill to establish continuity between different shots and build suspense.
Analyzes how porter developed his film editing technique, which is evident in his popular film, the great train robbery. the style of editing was a turning point in the development of film as narrative art form.
Analyzes how griffith's the birth if a nation was the first film to successfully bring most of the techniques of cinema into use.
Analyzes how griffith realized that by moving the camera closer to his subject into a close-up, more intimate details were revealed on the subject?s face, personalizing the character's expression.
Analyzes how griffith used jump-cutting and inter-cuttering to cover simultaneous actions in different locations. griffith's work remains the foundation stone of cinematic art, even today.
Explains that cinema is no one man's invention, but its universal language or codes have been developed through interaction between this medium and other filmmakers.
Cites barnauw, e. documentary- a history of the non-fiction film.
Explains that dirks, t. the great train robbery (1903), (2008). griffith: the years at biograph.
Cites knight, a. the liveliest art, mentor books, new american library, p.25; larson, e.h. george melies, (2004).
The movie industry has been around for just over one hundred years. The first
Public exhibition of film was the film titled “The Arrival of a Train at a Station”. The
mythos around this story is that it’s said that the audience jumped out of the way when
the train arrived because they believed it was going to hit them because it was a real train.
Since then the nineteen seventies opened the eyes of the movie producer’s that sequels
could be used to make big money.
In this essay, the author
Opines that the decade featured mega hits like jaws two, which could be used to make big money.
Explains that they used many different resources to get an in-depth look into the movie.
Opines that this issue will continue to be important in the future since innovation in summary:
Analyzes the mythos around the film "the arrival of a train at a station". the audience jumped out of the way when the train arrived because they believed it was going to hit them
Explains that the film industry is becoming lazy and in need of big bucks. they will go over what’s happening in the business and how this will affect society.
Opines that if they could have done this assignment again, they would've used more videos to give them insight into the topic.
Explains that eleven of those movies were sequels, which is a pretty small fraction of the movies being released.
Opines that this is a scary sign of things to come where original movies are going to be the minority of the film industry.
Asks when will we learn that transformers films are just playing trash movies that are made to play off of our parents nostalgia and to get kids in the theater because of the nostalgia.
Opines that the movie industry has found a way to have revisionist history in their films by giving themselves 'get out of jail free cards' when they make bad films that taint
Explains that creative work into is the creation of new and inventive ways to shove the same unoriginal movies right down the throat of the average movie goers.
Explains that fifteen received a worse critics rating on rotten tomatoes in 2015, and the average drop in rating was nineteen percent.
Opines that we should be unafraid to be creative ourselves and be a part of the change that hollywood wants to see.
Opines that when we lack the originality to think beyond our own dimension of being, we become stagnant.
The early cinema was truly a spectacle to behold as the technology behind the moving image was absolutely revolutionary to audiences. The attraction was originally focused on the single transitional moment between stillness and active life. The showman would set the mood within the theater and let the spectacle play off the audience’s anticipation of amazing new sights and for a while, this “cinema of attraction” was completely captivating. The relative newness of the moving image soon wore off though and filmmakers and producers such as D.W. Griffith, Edward S. Porter and Adolph Zukor stepped up to become innovators of cinematic technique, almost single-handedly pushing the evolution of film form forward.
In this essay, the author
Explains that the idea of "hollywood" has been concerned with a single underlying concept: spectacle.
Explains that the early cinema was truly a spectacle to behold as the technology behind the moving image was revolutionary to audiences. the relative newness of the moving image soon wore off though and filmmakers and producers such as d.w. griffith, edward s. porter and adolph zukor stepped up to become innovators of cinematic technique.
Explains how adolph zukor and william fox began to steer cinema more towards the middle classes living in the more affluent parts of the city. the idea behind this move was to shift movies away from the now "old" cinema of attractions.
Explains that until the 1920's, there was no sense of "stardom" as we know it today. the booming popularity of actors like mary pickford, charlie chaplin, fatty arbuckle and buster keaton became often written about names in hollywood.
Explains how the hollywood star system began with the "tie-up" in the 1930s. the movie industry capitalized on the stars and their "look" through the latest fashions of the time.
Explains that hollywood, california, was a sparsely populated area in the early 20th century. the arrival of the movie industry in this sleepy town led to rapid growth.
Explains that early movie production was primarily located in new york city, and was under the control of renowned inventor and hardnosed businessman thomas edison. his monopolistic control over filmmaking and film distribution stifled rising producers.
Explains that hollywood and its surrounding areas offered a wide variety of locales for outdoor shoots. the first movie crew arrived in 1907, and by 1911, the centaur film company had built the first studio in cinema’s new home.
Explains that the 1920s saw the beginning of the "modern movie industry" in hollywood, thanks to german émigré directors like f.w. murnau, raoul walsh, and josef von sternberg.
Explains that the "studio system" was one of the most memorable features of hollywood in its golden age.
Explains that actors were contractually required to make a certain number of films per year for their company. big studios also controlled the distribution and exhibition of the films they produced.
Explains that hollywood remained a crucial symbol of american glitz, glamour and illusion even after the big studios closed their doors and the breakneck speed of the 1930s and 1940s.
Explains that movie culture in the 1930s became a dominant culture for many americans, providing new values and social ideals to replace shattered old traditions.
Opines that america is still at the mercy of hollywood’s dominating, hypnotic power.
Narrates finler, joel w. the hollywood story, gledhill, christine, richard griffith, and arthur mayer's the movies.
"Edison Film and Sound: The History of the ... - American Memory." 28 Mar. 2014
In this essay, the author
Explains that the phonograph revolutionized the world after its invention, leading to thousands of other inventions which probably wouldn't work without its creation.
Explains that thomas a. edison invented the phonograph, the name coming from two greek words, "phon" meaning sound and "graph", meaning write.
Explains that even though the machine set many first, it was very fragile. the needles, which the phonograph had two of, broke easily and had to be replaced quite often.
Explains that the phonograph was invented in 1877, but edison didn't file for a patent until months after, and the edison speaking phonograph company produced it.
Explains that edison lost interest in the invention and saw it as a money maker. alexander graham bell re-invented the phonograph and called it the graphophone.
Explains that jesse h. lippincott bought the edison speaking phonograph company, american graphophone company, and many other phonograph companies. edison’s factories started producing talking dolls with mini-phones inside of them.
Explains that edison developed the spring motor phonograph in 1896 and a shaving machine to save more wax cylinders.
Explains that vinyl discs are still popular and used today, used by d.j.s and people who love the sound of them. many record companies make metal versions of the disc and hand them out to bands or artists.
Explains that the phonograph changed the world and brought us a lot of the technology of today. without it we wouldn't have the telephone, mp3 players, ipods, just for example.
Cites weebly's "facts - the phonograph" and "edison film and sound: the history of the...
Eadweard Muybridge was a director who made the first movie in 1878, The Horse in Motion. He used multiple cameras and put the individual pictures into a movie. Muybridge’s movie was just pictures of a galloping horse. Muybridge also invented the Zoopraxiscope,the first ever movie projector that made short films and movies. It was able to quickly project images, creating what is known as motion photography and the first movie to ever exist. To use the Zoopraxiscope a disc is put on the device and is turned. As the disc turns, the images are projected onto the screen and the movie starts ...
In this essay, the author
Explains that movies have been entertaining people since the mid 1800's, from black and white pictures to color and sound to finally 3-d film. directors, artists, and inventors took hundreds of years to just perfect putting the one by one captured pictures in a fluid motion.
Describes eadweard muybridge's first movie, the horse in motion, using multiple cameras and the zoopraxiscope, the first ever movie projector that made short films and movies.
Explains that the first reel of film was sensitized paper with a gelatin emulsion. edison and dickenson invented the kinetoscope and the cinematographe.
Explains how editing and backdrops made movies more interesting, making them more story-like and refined. the 5 cent movie theatre helped movies make the transition into the 1920's by increasing the appeal of film and bringing in a larger profit.
Explains that hollywood has been around since 1910 and has grown bigger since then. filmmaking was becoming more expensive and ratings became higher.