The American Constitution: The Framers Of The Constitution

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The Framers of the Constitution had a problem. They knew the downfalls of tyranny, and wanted to avoid it in this new government they were creating. To solve the problem, they came up with the “Separation of Powers.” The powers of government would be split up into three groups, which they called branches; Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. They made the branches separate, so that no one part of the government could dominate. Each branch of the government was given the power to check the other branches to balance the government. The Framers had difficulty agreeing on how the states should be represented in the government. The larger states supported James Madison’s Virginia Plan, which called for a two house legislator, with representation…show more content…
That includes the Supreme Court, the federal court of appeals and district courts, and the U.S Court of International Trade.1 While the Executive and Legislative branches are elected by the people and the Electoral College, the Supreme Court judges are appointed by the President. They are in office for life as long as they do not retire or are impeached. An advantage of this is that they can make unpopular, but constitutional decisions, without the fear of losing their position. Their responsibility is to interpret the law. The Supreme Court has the power to declare laws and executive actions,…show more content…
The Legislative branch has many powers over the Executive branch. The House of Representatives can impeach the President. If two thirds of the senators vote for impeachment, they can remove him from office. They can also check by rejecting or approving, the President’s appointment of federal judges and officials. Congress, if it has a two thirds vote in both houses, can override a Presidential veto of a law. Congress can also refuse to pass laws that the President wants. Additionally, they can refuse to reserve funds for executive programs. Just like the Legislative branch can impeach the President, it can also limit the Judicial branch by removing judges. It can check on judicial nominees by rejecting them before they even reach their position. Congress can add or take away Federal courts, and also change the jurisdiction of federal courts. Congress can pass new laws that can override Supreme Court decisions, as long as these decisions are not based on the Constitution. Congress can also propose amendments to the
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