In opposite, if the president's party loses elections, President just becomes a figurehead, delegates the comptences to the Premier. The semi-presidential system lies between the presidential and parliamentary. It has evolved in such way that all disadvantages of other systems are terminated. This sharing of executive power is one of the most important features of the semi-presidential system, what Sartori refers to a “ dual authority structure… a diarchy between a president who is head of state, and a prime minister who heads the government.
Each is granted different powers and responsibilities. The Senate has the power to approve treaties proposed by the president as well as confirming the president's choice for judges, cabinet members and other officials. (Burns, 308) It also has the power to perform hearings, after the House has voted to impeach a president or federal judge. The House of Representatives has the authority to propose taxes, but the Senate must approve the bill first. In the House of Representative, the Speaker has a lot more say in how things are run than Senate leaders, who have to rely on persuasion to manage business.
The Legislative branch makes the law, the Executive branch executes that law and the Judicial branch interprets the law; therefore each branch has an effect on the other. The President enforces the law, but Congress must approve executive appointments and the Supreme Court rules whether executive action is constitutional. The Supreme Court can strike down actions by both the legislative and executive branches, but the President nominates Supreme Court justices and the Senate confirms or denies their nominations. Separation of powers ensures that each branch of government only has a limited amount of power while checks and balances ensures that other branches of government can
The second is the Executive, the president, who cannot make laws. Rather, his responsibility is to defend them. The president meets with leaders of other countries and he can make treaties with them, but those agreements must be ratified by the Senate. The president also has the power to declare wars, any time that he receives the approval of the Congress. The United States Constitution creates a system in which different
The nation’s population lay across a vast area with limited communication capabilities. In addition, the Founders believed that a true gentleman should not campaign for office. “The office should seek the man, the man should not seek the office” was the saying. They challenged themselves with overcoming these and other obstacles in order to produce a system that would provide a stable and powerful executive branch of government. The Constitutional Congress set out to develop a way to select the president.
The president can also call Congress into a special session if they do not act upon proposed legislation by the president. Since the president is head of a political party he can easily influence Congress into legislation. The president can appeal directly to the public in order to influence Congress. Presidents also have a unique power to pardon people who have been convicted of federal crimes. Another task of our president is to begin the process of appointing all federal judges and other officers of the government, such as his cabinet, ambassadors, ministers, and consuls.
One of checks and balances include the congress ' ability to overturn an executive order. With a two thirds vote of both houses, the Senate and the house of representatives, they are able to overturn an executive order. Another checks and balances would be the Constitution in which the Supreme court will review the executive order and weight its constitutionality. If the order deems to be unconstitutional, legislative and judicial branches of the government has the power to check or deny an executive order. However, their ability to do this may be based on the degree to which party affiliation of congress or the courts aligns with the president the checks and balances to the power through the legislative and judicial branches are only effective if these branches arenth stacked w supporters of the president.
For example, if the President executive is not fulfilling his responsibilities as a leader or behaving inappropriately, the Legislative Branch Congress can limit him through the power of impeachment. The Judicial Branch can limit his power through the process of judicial review. This is when a justice can declare a law unconstitutional. The Congress can propose a bill to the President that they feel he is not in the best interests of the nation. These are fundamental of government under which different branches are empowered to prevent actions by other branches and are formed to share power.
Federal politicians use desultory commands as leverage to ensure that the states comply with their wishes. The federal government cannot tell the states what to do but such schemes are just unfair. An amendment abolishing federal mandates would create a stronger democracy by giving the state legislatures full control over the implementation of laws at the discretion of the voters thus placing power back in the heart of the US democracy, the people, where it belongs. Some may argue that adding an amendment eradicat... ... middle of paper ... ... foreign land but, it is that very government not letting them have a celebratory drink upon their return home. An amendment to the constitution eradicating federal mandates would make lead the country to be more democratic by once again placing the majority of the say in the hands of the people and therefore, with the state legislatures.
Like traditional European monarchs, the president is the ceremonial head of the government. The president receives representatives of other governments and performs a variety of ceremonial duties such as holding state dinners and bestowing the Medal of Honor. As chief executive, the president appoints the heads of the government departments heads of agencies, subject to the Senete's approval, and supervises the work of the executive branch. The president's administrative role, however, is also sharply limited. The Senate may withhold approval of presidential nominees, as it did with John Tower, President George Bush's choice for secretary of defense.