The American Civil War

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The American Civil War was a war that occurred from 1861-1865. The American Civil War, is also known as the ‘War Between the Sates’ and ‘Civil War’. The war occurred because seven Southern states declared their secession and decided to form the Confederate States of America. The other states which did not declare their secession were known as the “Union” or the “North”. Abraham Lincoln in 1860 at the presidential election Republicans opposed the expansion of Slavery in the United States. Seven slave states with cotton base economies has formed the Confederacy. The first six of the states to concede had the highest percentage of slaves as their population, a total of around 48.8% for the 6 states. There was still eight states that still refused calls for secession. Confederates forces took over a number of forts within territory claimed by the Confederacy. A peace conference was then held to try find a solution but it failed and both sides began to prepare for war. First signs of war were when the Confederates forces fired at the Fort Sumter an important fort held by the Union troops located in South Carolina. Abraham Lincoln the president at the time issued states to send troops in order to take back the fort. The president Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which meant that their goal was to end slavery. Slavery was the main cause of the American Civil War which was believed by both Union and Confederate soldiers. Some thought that slavery was an evil act that went against the Republicanism in the United States and others believed it was not wrong. The United States tried to stop slavery by stopping the expansion of it. Soon slavery began to get better in the North and slavery was nearly wiped out there but in ... ... middle of paper ... ...ry of the American Civil War. After a series of Battles Sheridan was able to defeat Major General Jabal Early. General Sheridan continued to move forward and was able to defeat Confederates Generals John Bell Hood and Joseph E. Johnston. September 2, 1864 was the fall of Atlanta. The fall of Atlanta guaranteed that Abraham Lincoln would be re-elected as president. More battles were fought and the Confederates continued to lose more and more. After loses and loses Lee’s army was now smaller than General Grant’s one giving Grant the advantage. At the Battle of Five Forks Lee was forced to evacuate Richmond and Petersburg. Union XXV Corps soon took over the Confederates capital. The Confederate fled to the west and was again defeated at Sayler’s Creek. This time Robert Lee knew that it was impossible to beat the Unions and surrendered on April 9, 1865 at McLean House.

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