Behind the prisoners there is a fire burning, this fire is the only source of light in the cave. There is also a wall, where people, walking along a pathway carry objects of various materials, shapes, and sizes. These objects are held higher than the wall itself. With the aid of the fire burning behind the wall these objects are projected onto the wall in front of the prisoners as dancing shadows. The prisoner’s ignorance would lead them to believe that the names which they use to describe the various shadows were indeed the names of the object themselves.
In addition to the chained people, there are other people in the cave. Plato refers to them as the puppet-handlers and they are the ones holding those in the cave captive. (It is important to realize that the prisoners do not realize this--in fact, the prisoners do not even realize that they are being held captive since this existence is all they have ever known.) Walking behind the prisoners, the puppet-handlers hold up various objects found in the real world. Due to a fire that is burning the mouth of the cave, the prisoners are able to see the objects and each other only as distorted, flickering shadows on the cavern wall in front of them.
Plato’s The Republic In the simile of the cave We are asked to picture a group of people sitting inside a dark cave, their hands and feet are bound in such a way that they can only look at the back wall of the cave. Behind the chained prisoners a fire is burning, and between them and this fire a path runs along which men carry figures, the shadows of these figures are projected onto the back wall of the cave. The prisoners experience is based solely on the shadows, which form their world. They have been sitting in this position since they were born so they believe that all they can see is all that there is. Within this illustration one of the prisoners is set free and confronted with the real world and the sun, a painful experience.
Good ethics and virtues allow us to make decisions in life with ease (Wooden, Covey). By using these ethics we will not only know what is good but we ourselves will ultimately become good, in turn leading us to happiness. Aristotle discusses some virtues that help us on the path to the ultimate goal of happiness. The first virtue is bravery. Bravery is not only having courage in some situations but also having fear in appropriate situations.
It starts off with the brief discussion of different desires lead to different goals thus different psyches and lives. The story of the Cave and the Line and Sun is the said to be the core of Plato’s epistemological, ethical, and metaphysical vision. Then Reeve goes onto expanding their meaning in-depth and their connection between each other. It elaborates wonderfully on the importance of the Cave regarding Plato’s theory of knowledge. Through the stages of the desires/soul that are represented through what type of dweller the story holds as in the bounded prisoner's cave dweller, the unbounded cave dweller, the bounded daylight dweller, and lastly the entirely unbounded.
The first element is the fictional metaphor of the prisoners and the second element is the philosophical view in which the story is supposed to portray, therefore presenting us with the allegory itself. In the Allegory of the Cave Socrates describes to Glaucon a situation in which there are a number of prisoners are shackled by their arms and legs to the wall inside of a cave. The prisoners are unable turn their heads and as a result they are only able to see what is directly in front of them. The prisoners of the cave are able to hear noises, and see shadows, which were casted upon the wall in front of them by a fire burning behind them in the cave. The prisoners were restricted to only these observations.
In the story “Allegory Of The Cave” the freed prisoner who at one point only saw shadows got to explore something new the outside world with color and tried to tell the other prisoners but was labeled demented because the other trapped prisoners did not know and have not explored the outside world. There’s a connection with the story “Allegory Of The Cave” and the real world by the prisoners who remained in the cave showing their ignorance calling the freed prisoner who saw outside world demented and Americans who still show ignorance towards women not being suitable for a high paying/ranked job position all because it was a certain way back then and got comfortable in their
The prisoners are trapped in a cave and are chained head to toe. They have only been able to look at the cave wall their entire lives. There is a fire behind them so that object’s shadows can be seen on the cave wall. Because of this, the prisoners believe that the objects they see on the cave wall are real. One prisoner is dragged out of the cave and is forced to open his eyes in the
The allegory of the cave has various symbols. The cave itself represent the lack of knowledge, this is so because the prisoners know nothing outside of this shelter. They have been chained to a wall by both their necks and feet that they are unable to move walk, or explore their surroundings. In contrast, the description of the powerful and blinding sun is a symbol of awareness, consciousness, or perception. When the prisoner left the cave he is looking straight up to the sun and finds it difficult to adjust to the brightness of the sun.
In an attempt to answer these questions, he wrote the “Allegory of the Cave” using the metaphor of the allegory to contrast reality with true enlightenment. Plato uses the dark of ignorance and the light of the accent into true knowledge to paint a picture of an individual’s rise to the understanding of true reality. The “Allegory of the Cave” is also used to represent Plato’s theory of dualism. Dualism is the idea of a world made up of material things, such as the physical form and immaterial things, such as the mind, but that do not necessarily depend on each other to exist. This glimpse into Plato’s teachings will include an explanation of the “Allegory of the Cave,” and some thoughts on whether dualism exists or Plato is wrong in his claim that reality is beyond the material world.