The Allegory Of The Cave, The Oedipus Complex And The Personal And The Collective Unconscious

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According to “The Allegory of the Cave,” “ The Oedipus Complex,” and “ The Personal and the Collective Unconscious,” people 's behavior in society originates in the conscious and unconscious minds. Different people have different kinds of personalities which are caused by different types of education, environments, cultures and experiences. These elements strongly influence how they regard the world, and influence how their conscious mind works. When people act how they want it means that they use their conscious minds. However, these elements also compose the unconscious which consists of the processes in the human mind that occur automatically and are not available to introspection, such as saying wrong words. In this way, the authors…show more content…
An archetype, a typical character, is an action that represents the universal pattern of human nature. As Jung put it, “ The great myths express the archetypes of actions and heroes stored in unconscious by elucidating them for the individual and society” (927). He explains that the primality human archetypes are the persona, anima, animus, and shadow. Persona is an archetype that people can access social recognition to reach their goal. Anima is male imagery of women in inner lives and animus is female imagery of men in inner lives. Also, Jung indicates that men and women have anima and animus in their unconscious, and these two archetypes may cause desires of father complex and mother complex. Shadow archetype is the real face of the human mind, including primitive physiological impulses and desires. If people can not control their shadow archetype, they would produce malicious intent and behaviors. In addition, Plato argues, "My opinion is that in the world of knowledge the idea of good appears last of all, and is seen only with an effort; and when seen, is also inferred to be the universal author of all things beautiful and right” (871). He asserts archetype which accumulates by ancestors’ experience and idea, contains objects’ universal and general qualities. For example, a tree in human knowledge contains all…show more content…
The conscious mind and the unconscious mind both strongly influence how people behave in society. Neither the conscious mind nor the unconscious mind alone will understand the realistic and the truth. As Plato put it, “when any of them look towards the light...the glare will distress him and he will be unable to see the realities of which in his former state, he had seen the shadows..when he is approaching nearer to being and his eye is turned towards more real existence” (868). He argues that if people suddenly coming back to the den from understanding the real objects will not find the truth and justice correctly like human’s eyes can not suddenly accept the light from the dark or the dark from the light, so people have to have an accustomed procession to find the real truth. In other words, people understanding the conscious mind and the unconscious mind helps people to find the reality and truth. In fact, through understanding their conscious mind and unconscious minds, people can take action effectively in society. They can also make decisions more correctly and improve their awareness about their inner

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