Adolf Hitler, the commander of the Third Reich, determined to make Germany the strongest power in Europe. In order to do so, Hitler must unite all German ethnic groups, deploy aggressive policies and defeat communism. These actions all would defy the Treaty of Versailles; Thus, Hitler’s desire ultimately led to the outbreak of the Second World War.
The Treaty of Versailles neither appeased nor obliterated Germany. Instead, it placed a “war guilt” blame on Germany, which prevented a long-lasting peace and enraged the German people. "No postwar German government believed it could accept such a burden on future generations and survive …" (Paxton 153) Germany was forced to pay heavy reparations and encounter hyper-inflation. Adolf Hitler attempted a coup d’état against the republic, to establish a Putsch similar to Mussolini's. ("Beer Hall Putsch (Munich Putsch).")Although he failed, Hitler was then recognised as a national hero, whom gained public support from Germany. This would lead to the rise of Hitler.
Germany’s aggressive foreign policy, from 1933 to 1945, was imposed to accomplish Hitler’s desires of dominating Europe. The policy made seemingly reasonable demands but threatened war if denied. This lead to the appeasement of Britain and France, whom were both suffering from the devastation caused by The Great Depression. (John)The rearmament of Germany was essential for Hitler’s goals, and was accomplished with Germany’s aggressive policies. After France claimed that she would not disarm if there was no guarantee of protection from the United States and Britain, Germany, whom agreed to disarm, withdrew from the Geneva Disarmament conference. By 1935, Germany rearmed through conscription and the establishment of munitions ...
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Hibbert, Christopher, and Benito Mussolini. Benito Mussolini, a Biography. London: Longmans, 1962. Print.
Hitler, Adolf. Mein Kampf = [My Battle]. United States: Bottom of the Hill Pub., 2010. Print.
John, Clare D. "What Were Hitler's Aims?" Road to War. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. .
Paxton, Robert O. Europe in the Twentieth Century. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975. Print.
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The world plunged into World War II in 1939, from the unsettlement between countries. Different countries had different ideas about world affairs. Some countries preferred appeasement and other countries preferred collective securities to solve problems such as the turmoil in Germany. According to the circumstances of Europe during 1939, from economic depression and unsettlement between countries, collective security was the best answer. Appeasement was attempted, but it turned out to be a failure.
On June 28th 1919, in the Versailles Palace of France, the treaty of Versailles officially ended World war one. The signers of this treaty implemented certain restrictions on Germany that were to guarantee Germany would never start another world war. This begs the question, “what did the end of one war have to do with the start of World War Two?”. The evidence shows that it was this treaty’s influence on Adolf Hitler that led to the Versailles Treaty’s ultimate failure and provoked the start of the next world war. Because of this treaty Adolf Hitler’s economic plan, proposed while he was seeking political election, was focused on rebuilding and reclaiming Germany. This went hand in hand with the nationalist ideas of the Nazi party. Also, while in power, Hitler spoke many times, justifying violence against both Poland and France with rousing reference to reclaiming Germany’s lost lands and heritage taken by the treaty. Finally, Hitler was clearly angered on a personal level by the treaty, and sought his own reparations from the countries that signed the document. Evidence supports that this anger did influence some of his decisions during the War.
After the Treaty of Versailles was forced upon the Germans, there were several challenges the Germans had to deal with. Some examples of the cost of the war to Germany was the forfeiting or giving back of land, its coal mines productions were given to France for a 15 year span, and Germany had to limit its army to 100,000 men with its forces not allowed around the French border. In addition to all of this, Germany was forced to accept war guilt as having been solely responsible for World War I. This had a crippling effect on Germany as they did not believe they had really caused or had lost the war. The bitterness from humiliation as well as the poverty this treaty bestowed upon the people was too much for Germany. This would lead to World War II in later years. Adolf Hitler had a plan to handle these problems that the Germans faced as a result of the war. It is probably best described as National Socialism.
Adolf Hitler was able to rise to power in Germany because he exploited the anger and mistrust that the Germans felt towards their new government for signing the Treaty of Versailles. The German people we...
Hitler was able to increase his power even more when the economy fell by promising Germans that he would stop reparation payments and provide them with jobs and food. Lastly, Hitler took away the rights of the German people and oppressed Jews. A lesson that can be taught from Adolf Hitler’s reign of terror is to always watch out for politicians that promise to fix a country’s problems and suspend the rights of the people for the safety of the
This handout from the GCSE Modern World History examines the different events that took place prior to World War Two. Walsh’s work focuses on most of the known facts about events that took place in the lead up to World War Two. It looks over the different events that took place from Hitler first action that affected other countries, rearmament. It has many useful facts about the different events and about who was involved with what. This source is also very useful because it provides many useful and relevant quotations. This source is limited however by the fact that it doesn’t have anything on before rearmament for example The Munich Putsch. This handout was very useful for my research because it was directly related to the actions that Hitler and other places took and helped me to decide if Hitler’s actions were the main cause.
At the end of World War One, Germany was required to pay a large sum of money to the Allies consequently resulting in the German Depression. The sum Germany had to pay was set after the Treaty of Versailles was enacted at approximately six billion, six hundred million – twenty-two billion pounds, (World War Two – Causes, Alan Hall, 2010). The large amount of reparations that Germany had to pay resulted in a depression and angered the Germans because they thought it was an excessive amount of money to pay, (World War Two – Causes) The Germans hatred of the Treaty of Versailles was of significant importance in propelling the Nazis to power. Germany could not pay their reparations and was forced into a depression, (World War II – Causes). The Treaty of Versailles deprived Germany of its economic production and its available employments, (World War II – Causes). The German Depr...
Hitler’s policies on racial purity and increased living space for the German people undoubtedly caused World War II. Hitler’s expansionist policies are clear indications of a worldwide conflict; a conflict in which Hitler prepared Germany for prior
Hitler (like most Germans) hated the Versailles Treaty and he didn’t want to follow the rules made by it. In fact, step by step he broke the laws. The first step he took was to increase the German army. Germany was only allowed to have an army of 100,000 men, no airforce, no tanks and no submarines. But in an interview with the Daily Mail on March 9, 1935, Goering revealed that there was a German airforce. One weak later Germany also announced that it had an army of 500,000 men. France and England didn’t even object to this. In 1936 Germany signed a treaty with England saying that Germany was allowed a navy one third the size of the British navy. Germany was rearming fast. It wasn’t hard thanks to the good economic growth. But the rearmament was so expensive that in 1936 it was clear that Germany was soon to go into an economic crisis if nothing was done.
Examinations of Hitler's role in the formulation of Nazi foreign policy and his goals of that foreign policy leads to questions of the limits of his goal of Lebensraum. This introduces the debate between 'globalists' and 'continentalists'. Expanding on Trevor-Roper's emphasis on Hitler's goals of Lebensraum, historian Gunter Moltmann argued that Hitler's aims were not confined to Europe but at world domination. Andreas Hillgruber expands on this idea with his concept of a three-stage plan he calls the Stufenplan as the basis for Nazi foreign policy. This plan involved Germany gaining mastery over Europe, followed by the Middle East and British colonial territory, and later the USA and with that the entire world.
“People were dissatisfied with the government and voted to power a man who promised to rip up the Treaty of Versailles. His name was Adolf Hitler.” explained in ("World War Two - Causes."). After Hitler came into power he slowly began reclaiming the land that was taken from Germany in World War I. The surrounding nations continued to ignore the problem because they wanted to avoid another war. Soon Hitler became a bigger problem to the surrounding nations so they had to step in, all except