They were the gods Shu and Geb and the goddesses Tefnut and Nut. Shu and Tefnut became the air, who stood on Geb, the earth, and held up Nut, who became the sky. Ra ruled over all. It was not uncommon for siblings to have children in ancient Egypt, and Geb and Nut had two sons, Set and Osiris, and two daughters, Isis and Nephthys. Osiris succeeded Ra as the king of the earth, helped by Isis.
Jermel Stuart Instructor Stein ANT 3241001 4/19/14 Egyptian Culture Ancient Egypt is one of the oldest and most influential civilizations in the world. They were considered a utopia because of the advances they were able to make, It was advance for its time, because the advances in architecture, medicine, agriculture and etc. Still to this day, it’s a mystery how they were able to construct the pyramids. The Egyptians relied on the land for their existence; they made deities that represented the things they relied on for existence. This in turn made them a polytheistic culture.
Spirits of the dead were also able to guide the living. There were numerous gods, but the most prevalent and lasting gods were Ra, Ma’at, Isis, Horus, Osiris, Bast, and Bes (Gods and Mythology). The Egyptians believed that Ra, the Sun God, was the creator of the world, and the sun was viewed as the symbol of creation. Ra became greatly associated with the pharaoh during the late 2nd Dynasty and the 5th Dynasty. The pharaoh ruled the mortal realm, while Ra ruled the greater universe, which made them “a mirror image of each other.” Ma’at was Ra’s closest ally; she was the “personification of the fundamental order of the universe.” Order and justice was revered and even the gods were known to worship Ma’at.
Ancient Egyptians developed highly complex irrigation methods to maximize the effect of the Nile waters. When the Nile overflows in mid summer, Egyptians divert the waters through the use of canals and dams. As the water seeped into the farm land, rich deposits of silt ensured a good harvest for the year. This allows the civilizations of Egyptians to grow enough food to feed the community. Without the annual flooding of the Nile, Egyptians would have a very difficult time growing necessary amount food to sustain life.
What better than to say that these architectural achievements show us that Egypt's greatest virtue lay in its architecture" "The Egyptian sun god Ra, considered the father of all pharaohs, was said to have created himself from a pyramid-shaped mound of earth before creating all other gods. The pyramid’s shape is thought to have symbolized the sun’s rays" (Donald B. Redford, Ph.D., Penn State).  THE STEP PYRAMID The first prototype tomb was the Mastaba in Egypt. It is an underground monument structure usually made of mud bricks. This building served as a tomb for the im... ... middle of paper ... ...ns, Canada, 1998.
Amon-Ra was believed to be the sun god and the lord of the universe. Osiris was the god of the underworld. Stories about him revolved around the idea of immortality. Osiris was the god that made a peaceful afterlife possible. The Egyptian "Book of the Dead" contains the major ideas and beliefs in the ancient Egyptian religion.
He was a king that every Egyptian, from the mightiest pharaoh to the lowliest peasant, hoped to join the afterlife. Mostly the Egyptian myths concern themselves with gods with gods of nature; the earth, the sky, the sun, the moon, the stars, and of course, the Nile river. Since the Nile River had its annual floods, this played a critical role in the Egyptian culture. The ancient Egyptians believed in many different gods and goddesses. And each on of them had their own role in maintaining and harmonizing the land.
A Connection between Religion and the Arts Egypt was an ancient civilization that thrived on the Nile River, and still exists today as a country. As new knowledge continued to flood into Egypt, the art, medicine and architecture of the civilization developed to produce great, notable achievements that are still admired and used to this day. The art, medicine and architecture, had been influenced by the religion of ancient Egypt. Egyptian religion held three main aspects: the worship of gods, the role of the king, and the belief in life after death (Marston 34). The ways which these three ideas influenced the Egyptian arts, is evident in the carvings within the art, the development of mummification, and the many pyramids that reside within Egypt.
Because of its predictability , the Nile "created a stable agriculture." All the Egyptians needed to do was to "put seeds in the mud, have pigs trample the seeds down into the ground, and when the time came, harvest the crop." Essentially, the river was important to the well- being of the cities, and was a vital source for irrigation. Not only did the river provide a steady flow of water, its flooding also provided fertile silt. Planted in this fertile soil, crops grew abundantly and allowed for the facilitation and development of surpluses.
Creation of Man All three civilizations believed that the Earth, all the animals, and Man was created by one or several Gods. The Meso- Americans and Mesopotamiams believed in many Gods. On the other hand, the Christians believed that only one God created Man. The Meso-Americans believed that Tepeu, the "Creator' and the Forefathers, a group of great sages and thinkers created their world and everything in it. In the article "Popul Vuh", the Quiche' Indians wrote about how the Creator and the Forefathers planned and created the " growth of the trees and thickets and the birth of life in the darkness, (The Popul Vuh, Chapter 1, Pg.