Early in the twentieth century, imperialism was brought up by European powers of the time; Germany, Great Britain, France, and Russia. These nations were after raw materials in Asia, Africa, and South America and when they realize that they could not retrieve it, they began to colonize smaller counties that contain the many resources they need and used it for their benefit. Western values played a big part in European imperialism. European civilization experienced a period of extraordinary rapid expansion worldwide during the nineteenth century and the twentieth century. European nation-states had become very powerful because of industrialization.
The concept of imperialism is one that has pervaded nearly every major society or empire throughout human history. It seems to be a natural consequence of societies growing in size, power, and knowledge. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries vast changes occurred in Western Europe (and soon spread elsewhere) that spurred a new round of imperialism the likes of which had not been seen before. The changes were the industrial revolution that was taking place. Countries were rapidly advancing to industrial societies producing much greater quantities of goods at much lower costs.
Western imperialism in the 1800s and early 1900s had positive, negative, and long-lasting effects in countries like India, regions of South East Asia, and Africa. There were many social, economic, and political changes. For example, in Hawaii there was an abundance of sugar cane crops and the U.S sought out to make money by occupying Hawaii. This was beneficial for the businessmen because they were receiving large quantities of money. However, the local peoples deeply opposed the selling of their crops.
 Further natural resources like rubber in Congo, oil in Iran, and gold in South Africa encouraged imperialists to expand their spheres of influence past their natural border.  Access to these regions also provided western states a market for their finished goods, textiles primarily. Senator Beveridge explains the need of foreign markets by stating “Where shall we turn for consumers of our surplus? Geography answers the question. China is our natural customer.” French imperialist Jules Ferry also highlights the need for a foreign consumer “...felt more and more urgently by industrialized population of Europe and especially the people of our rich and hardworking country of France: the need for outlets [for exports].” In cases where westerners were buying rather than selling to foreign markets, military intervention was utilized.
British Imperialism in India and South Asia forever changed the course of history, having both positive and negative effects on these nations and ultimately resulting in an imperialized system that limited the freedom of citizens in India and brought tremendous wealth to Britain. Imperialism is the policy of extending the rule of a country over other countries or colonies To this degree, Britain took control of India and South Asia because they saw an opportunity for trade superiority and were enticed by the potential these regions held. From the mid eighteenth to twentieth centuries, India was governed by two different variations of British imperialism. First through the British East India Company, perhaps the most powerful private trading entity the world has ever seen, and second, through the direct control of the British government. The British East India Company came to dominate and control India for nearly two centuries, exploiting the nation's resources and rendering them economically and socially delayed .
The second phase of rapid increase in international trade happened during post WWII when heavy trade protections during the depression period were dismantled (Salvatore and Dominick, page 3). Present, globalization is at another peak development as telecommunication and transportation sped up “massive international capital flows resulting from elimination of most restrictions” across national borders (Salvatore and Dominick, page 4). Globalization represents the spread of culture, the movement of people, goods and services (YaleGlobal). Present day, the term, globalization is becoming a controversial term with many suggestive synonyms such as: Westernization or Americanization. Negative views blame globalization for sacrificing social and environmental well-being for corporate economic gains.
The Age of Imperialism brought many changes that caused suffering and improvements in countries. The domination of Europeans in Asia and Africa brought benefits and sufferings. When reading in between the lines, it is clear and obvious that the European?s domination gave Asia much to benefit from and Africa more to suffer from. Asia gained tons of economical power and was educated with Western ideas, but in the long run they turned Western literature it into Chinese matters. On the other hand, Africa lost economical independence.
and deported apricots, pottery and spices. The interaction of these different cultures created a cultural diffusion. The road consisted of vast and numerous trade routes that went between China and Europe. Long distance trade came to action when rulers invested in making roads and bridges. “During the 1870s, silk was brought to the west coast of the United States via the Pacific Ocean, then rerouted to the east coast by the transcontinental railway.” Although long distance trade was effective it was risky and was liable to only pirates.
The nineteenth century saw a very high rise in trade, big reduction in piracy, and huge improvements in the quality and speed of shipping. This was also the period in which modern economic growth first became established. However, during the wars, the international trade decreased which brought misery to millions of people. After the world war, the trade increased dramatically. International trade increased the standard of living for those in developed and developing countries.
A large number of people cross the seas from Europe and Asia in search of political and religious freedoms as well as employment opportunities. The immigrants from China started in the late 19th century and contributed cheap labor, especially on railway construction throughout California. The rapid growth of economy caused social conflicts, hence a new thoughts called progressivism prevailed during the 20th century. This paper will discuss the Gilded Age America and the Progressivism Age America in the context of business and capitalism, influence of immigrants from China and progressivism. Business and Capitalism At the onset of the 19th century's second half, America was witnessing the fastest growth in its history, whereby was pro... ... middle of paper ... ...ng the late 19th century.