The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Factory Farming: Pros And Cons

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Animals have been farmed for food since biblical times. As times have changed the need for animals as a food source has grown. As the need grew, production methods changed. Today many farmers in the United States use a method called factory farming. Factory farming is an intensive method of raising livestock that produces more livestock, with less land, quicker. However, factory methods wear out the land used, harm the lifestyles of small, rural farmers, and cause widespread incidents of diseases among animals and people. Environmental practices in the beef cattle industry have changed a great deal in the last few decades. Now a days, "instead of buying their own ranches, the meat packing companies [of the beef cattle industry] have been financing…show more content…
In both the meat and dairy cattle industries, animals are dehorned and castrated (Hamilton 131). Cattle are dehorned to prevent them from hurting farm workers and other cattle. Steer, or male cattle, are castrated at a young age to prevent unwanted pregnancies among the herd of cattle. With the factory farming dairy cows, there are many advantages and disadvantages for farmers. Factory farming "has become very complex and involved" (Casper 53). Many professionals are needed to run a farm properly. Farms need breeders, health specialists, milkers, feeders, and other for specific animal needs (Casper 53). With so many people needed to run a farm properly, it becomes harder to find and hire people with the skills a farm needs. Because factory farming requires so many people to run properly, factory farms bring jobs to an area that desperately needs them. There are many economic benefits and effects with using factory farming methods in the dairy cow industry. Factory farms, such as CAFOs, are typically big businesses that provide a large number of jobs to small rural communities (Rivoli). Small rural communities do not usually have a lot of job opportunities within a reasonable distance so having a factory farm near a small rural community will help to improve the economy of the…show more content…
"The [hogs in CAFOs] produce more than 19,000,000 tons of manure annually and most of it gets stored in lagoons for large uncovered containment pits;" an insufficient way of disposing of the manure (Nierenberg). Because the manure is disposed of in an insufficient way, when bad storms happen the lagoons and containment pits overflow and burst open (Nierenberg). The manure spreads over large areas of land and contaminates rivers and groundwater (Nierenberg). Manure in rivers and other bodies of water cause massive fish kills and need millions of dollars in clean up costs (Nierenberg). Factory farms are harmful to the environment even though they may be helpful in improving the

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