The Adoption of the Term Substance Abuse Disorder in the DSM-5

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Before the DSM-5 was introduced, in May, 2013, by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, different arguments and debates surfaced to the roof related to the definition of addiction and implications. Because the DSM appears to have played with the idea of bringing back the term addiction as a replacement for the term dependence, one of the vast changes to the DSM-5 is the elimination of dependence and the adoption of the new term “substance abuse disorder.” Although the APA and O’Brien (2011) supported the adoption of ‘substance abuse disorder’ as a term because it provided a clear differentiation between the compulsive drug-seeking behaviors of addiction and how people use prescribed drugs naturally as a response to tolerance and withdrawal that affect the central nervous system. However, the DSM-5 has taken a much more vivid position on the topic of abuse vs. dependence. I believe there is always area for enhancement. It appears while the DSM-5 does not state addiction as a term it still goes deeper to the roots into the original indicators linked to the addictiv...

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