To make sure there is a partial understanding at to what is at hand, here is a brief summary of the history of the battle for gay marriage. In the year 1996, the Defense of Marriage Act was passed which prevents homosexual couples from receiving and benefi... ... middle of paper ... ...ay marriage within it. Until, they started to make them legal themselves. As of January in two thousand and fourteen there are seventeen states that legalized gay marriage. Majority of these states made gay marriage legal in the year two thousand and thirteen.
With the different views and morals everyone has on the subject, it makes it hard for individual states to determine what side they should be on. In 1983 a Harvard Law School student, Evan Wolfson, wrote a thesis stating the rule of marriage equality. Justices concluded that gay couples were entitled to the legal benefits of civil marriage; and most crucially in the Supreme Judicial Court in Massachusetts, whose favorable ruling, in a suit by lawyer Mary Bonauto and the Boston-based Gay and Lesbian Advocated and Defenders, led to the nation’s first bona fide same-sex marriages…” (“Gay Marriage turns 10 and Credit Should Be Spread around- The Boston Globe). On May 17, 2004 Massachusetts became the first state to legalize gay marriages. In June of 2013, California legalized gay marriages, which helped their large LGBT (Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered) community.
The court held that the California ban on same-sex marriage violated the state constitution. The California Supreme Court unanimously agreed to review the decision of the appellate court, and it took its time in doing so. On June 3, 2008, the California secretary of state certified ballot proposition 8, which provided simply that: "Only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California." Because of the court 's ruling, the State of California began legally performing same-sex marriages on June 16, 2008.In November 2011, the California Supreme Court ruled that state law did allow Prop 8 's supporters to defend it in court. Now only some states are Plowing gay marriage to be legal (Hanson).
The gay population seems to feel more strongly on this battle. On November 18, 2003, Massachusetts legalized civil marriages. The Supreme Judicial Court ruled in a 4-3 favor that same sex couples can marry, saying that same- and opposite-sex couples must be given equal civil marriage rights under the state constitution. Massachusetts is the first state in the country to legalize gay marriage, but not the first place in the world. The Netherlands legalized gay marriage on April 1, 2001, being the first country in the world to do so.
(Hyde1) This act forbids discrimination on the grounds of Blankenship 2 race, color, religion, and national origin. Title VII was meant to serve as a vehicle for affirmative action; however, in order to address the inequities of the nations employment system, another method was needed. About one year after Title VII went into effect, President Johnson required government contractors to take affirmative action in the employment of minorities. With this idea, he introduced executive order 11246 on September twenty-fourth of nineteen sixty-five and order 113755 for women shortly after. (Hyde 2) In nineteen seventy-three the Rehabilitation Act was introduced.
At this occasion, Deputy Education Minister, Datuk Dr Mohd Puad Zarkashi, stated that LGBT was akin to a social sickness that could be prevented and cured . During a previous seminar in September 2012, he endorsed a parenting guide describing symptoms of homosexuality . The same year, Prime Minister NajibRazak called the LGBT community an example of “deviant culture” threatening Malaysia . Long-term detention without a trial remained an issue. The Security Offences (Special Measures) 2012 Act (SOSMA) did replace the notorious Internal Security Act (ISA) on 31 July 2012 and reduced detention without charge from 60 (extendable to two years) to no more than 28 days, while requiring a suspect to be charged in court or released thereafter .
Some of these court cases have shown that the Defense of Marriage Act has violated in the constitution on several areas. The current president, Barrack Obama, stated in May 2012 “It is important for me to go ahead and affirm that I think same-sex couples should be able to get married” (Swaine, “Barrack Obama Endorses Gay Marriage”). This makes him the first President of the United States to openly support gay marriage. In 2013 there was a Supreme Court case that turned over the Defense of Marriage Act. This allowed for gay marriage to be legal on a federal level, but not a state level.
“Don’t Ask Don’t Tell,” was a law established by congress that allowed homosexual men and women to serve in the military as long as they kept their sexual orientation private. On September 20, 2011, congress made history by passing a law repealing the “Don’t ask don’t tell” legislation of 1993 (CBS News). Thousands of service men and women came out of there proverbial closets, where many had been hiding their entire careers, to celebrate their new right to express themselves freely. Some even celebrated by marrying their longtime mates, an act that only brought to light a new issue. The United States government will not recognize a same sex marriage on a federal level.
The law went into force on October 1, 1989. Shortly after the groundbreaking decision in Denmark, other European countries followed suit with registration for gay partnerships. The following countries have some type of registration for homosexual partnerships: Norway, Sweden, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, The Netherlands, France, Belgium, Portugal, Germany, and Finland. While European countries were progressively trying to resolve the gay marriage issue, in the United States there were struggles to support gay marriage as a governmental approved institution. The first success was in Hawaii on December 3, 1996 at 11:03 a.m., when a lower court found that the constitution of the state of Hawaii was discriminating against homosexuals (known as the Hawaii 6).
In addition to that, DOMA defines marriage for federal purposes as a legal union between a man and a woman. By February 1999, at least 49 states have filed laws similar... ... middle of paper ... ...e gender of the couple. Some people wonder why the legalization of same-sex marriages is even an issue. Indeed, it should not even be a problem in today's society. But when marriage begins to discriminate because of how a person chooses to live his or her life - then it becomes an issue.