(n.d.). The American Influenza Epidemic of 1918: A Digital Encyclopedia. Retrieved October 27, 2013, from http://www.influenzaarchive.org/ Jensenius;, J. C. (2006). Vaccine Against Spanish Flu. Science, 311(5767), 1552b-1552b.
Only by preparing a national and worldwide response to this threat will we be able to combat this imminent pandemic. Deadlier than the Black Death, more lethal than nuclear warfare -- this is the modus operandi of the pathogenic virus alphainfluenzavirus Orthomyxoviridae, more commonly known as the human flu. This is no simple cold virus; the historical records of this disease reveal that the three major flu pandemics in the 20th century, most notably the 1918 Spanish Flu, wiped out an estimated 20-50 million people (CDC). Furthermore, it is almost certain that the next pandemic will be caused by a strain of influenza called H5N1, A.K.A. the notorious avian flu (CDC).
These are A, B, and C. It is influenza viruses A and B that are the most virulent and responsible for causing outbreaks of the flu every year. Influenza virus C, on the other hand, produces only a very mild respiratory infection or no symptoms at all and does not pose a severe public health threat. The aim of receiving an annual vaccine is to prevent spreading infections. Because flu outbreaks fluctuate, it is recommended that individuals receive a vaccination for the flu every year, especially for those at high risk for developing serious complications from influenza infections. (Davidson, 2007-2009, Davis, 2007).
Loo, Yueh-Ming and Michael Gale, Jr. “Influenza: Fatal Immunity and the 1918 Virus.” Nature 445 (2007): 267-268. 23 July. 2008 . Patterson, S. W. “The Pathology of Influenza in France.” The Medical Journal of Australia 1. (1920) The Medical Front WWI.
North Carolina: Morgan Reynolds Publishing, 2009. Print. Kolata, Gina. Flu: The Story of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 and the Search for the Virus that Cause It. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1999.
When one doctor was asked what the vaccine contained of, he said “the vaccines were just a soup made of blood and mucus of flu patients that had been filtered to get rid of large cells and debris” (Kolata 23). This particular epidemic of influenza was proven to have existed before the breakout in Spain. It had made three waves during a two-year period. Each new assault became more infectious. Over twenty thousand people died in New York City alone, and the only country not affected, Australia, possesses strict quarantine regulations (Is another influenza pandemic coming soon?, 1997).
United States Department of Health and Human Services. “The Great Pandemic: The United States in 1918-1919.” Last accessed April 21, 2014. http://www.flu.gov/pandemic/history/1918/index.html. Jeffery K. Taubenberger and David Morens, 1918 Influenza: The Mother of All Pandemics, Emerging Infectious Disease Journal (2006): Volume 12, doi: 10.3201/eid1201.050979.
Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Jan. “The Influenza Pandemic of 1918.” Billings, Molly. Stanford University Virology. June 1, 1997. retrieved from http://virus.stanford.edu/uda/ “The Site of Origin of The 1918 Influenza Pandemic and Its Public Health Implications.” Barry, John. US national Library of Health Medicine, January 20, 2004.
Title Influenza is a serious some time deadly disease that has global circulation and occurs yearly from the late autumn to the early spring and is most commonly referred to as the flu (Bridges, CB. 2002; Rüttimann, R. W., Bonvehí, P. E., Vilar-Compte, D., Isturiz, R. E., Labarca, J. A., & Vidal, E. I., 2013; Pleschka, S., Ludwig, S., Planz, O., & Wolff, T. 2009). There are three genera of influenza: A, B and C (CDC, 2014; Duncan, D 2013). Influenza A and B are the most common infections, furthermore A is more severe than B (CDC, 2014; Duncan, D. 2013).
July 7, 2005, http://www.cdc.gov/flu/avian/gen-info/facts.htm Levison, M. (2004). Infections of Leisure. Washington D.C.: ASN Press Ruben, F. (2005). Influenza: Getting Our Attention. Clinical Infectious Diseases, (40), p. 1697.