Texas-Mexico Water Treaty

1217 Words5 Pages
Water… A resource that is vital to a person’s everyday life. Water is what our farmers use to grow their crops, water is what the energy industry uses to extract oil and gas from the earth, water is what we consumers drink and depend on everyday. Without water, we could not live and function. In fact, water is so important that 70 years ago Texas and Mexico signed a treaty, in 1944, to ensure that both Texas and Mexico would always share water in the Rio Grande River. For decades this treaty has benefitted both Texas and Mexico, however, recently tensions have risen between the two powers. The Texas Mexico Water Treaty has become a point of contention, and steps have been taken to resolve the issues. In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed to form a boundary between the United States and Mexico. This boundary was formed along the Rio Grande River. It wasn’t until 1944 that the Texas Mexico Water Treaty was signed and described how the water would be shared between Texas and Mexico. The Treaty explained how the water was to be shared between the two parties based on the surplus of water in the river. The Rio Grande River is one of the largest in North America. It runs 1,885 miles long, and supports many farmers and consumers in both Texas and Mexico. For example, Texas is the largest cotton and cattle producer in the United States. Texas has produced 13.86 million cattle and calves on a five-year average for the United States. Texas also has produced 5,800,000 bales of cotton for the United States. Cotton is used to make jeans, bed sheets, T-shirts, pillowcases, and much more. Produce like cattle and cotton need water and the Rio Grande River is a major contributor to the success of this produce. The cattle and cotton... ... middle of paper ... ...//www.wildearthguardians.org/site/PageServer?pagename=priorities_wild_rivers_riogrande#.UoBEjLzUAnM>. "Rio Grande- Rio Bravo." WWF Global, n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2013. . "Save Export Print Cite Cornyn, Cruz, Vela, Conaway Introduce Water Act to Help Address Texas Water Shortage, Engage Mexico on Treaty Compliance." State News Service. High Beam Research, 10 June 2013. Web. 10 Nov. 2013. . Staples, Todd, and Carlos Rubinstein. Letter to Ambassador Anthony Wayne. 10 Sept. 2013. Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2013. . Vrazel, Julie. "AgLead XI Visits RGV, Empowers Participants." Texas Agriculture 1 Nov. 2013: 12. Print.

More about Texas-Mexico Water Treaty

Open Document