Terrorism : Terrorism And Domestic Terrorism

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In Module one, I learned that terrorism is a result of physical harm or deadly acts of force with the intent of a political outcome by the use of terror for coercion. There are various types of terrorism such as international terrorism and domestic terrorism. International terrorism occurs outside of the United States with a purpose to influence the policy of a government by intimidation. International and Domestic terrorism both involve violent acts dangerous to human life that violate federal and state laws. Domestic terrorism occurs within the United States with the intention of coercion or intimidation by way of mass destruction, etc. Some forms of terrorism include Improvised explosive devices (IED), kidnappings, suicide bombings and chemical attacks. Terrorist often have motives for crime such as political motivation. Several different outcomes of terrorist acts include the following: media sensation, fear, mass destruction and death, and humiliate officials and governments (Newman & Clarke, n.d). Terrorism originated back as early as the 14th century. The French Revolution originated the word of “terrorist” and “terrorism” (Terrorism Research, n.d.). The use of the word "terrorism" began in 1795 in reference to the Reign of Terror initiated by the Revolutionary government. (Terrorism Research, n.d.). In recent years, there have been major terrorism events in the United States such as 9/11, U.S.S. Cole, Boston marathon, and the federal building bombing in Oklahoma. Shortly after 9/11, Homeland security implemented five threat conditions (Red, Orange, Yellow, Blue, Green) with red being severe and green being the lowest threat condition. The author further states that local police are in the best position to learn about in... ... middle of paper ... ...r is utilized. Conventional and Secondary Devices are used for mass causality destruction. Secondary explosive devices may also be used as weapons against first responders and the public in coincident acts (Managing the Emergency Consequences of Terrorist Incidents, July 2002). Infrastructure attacks Infrastructure protection often is more focused on security, deterrence, and law enforcement than on emergency consequence management preparedness and response (Managing the Emergency Consequences of Terrorist Incidents, July 2002). Cyber protection critical infrastructure protection focuses on security measures to protect computer systems against intrusions, denial of service attacks, and other forms of attack rather than addressing issues related to contingency and consequence management planning (Managing the Emergency Consequences of Terrorist Incidents, July 2002).
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