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Based on the developments and enhancements in science and philosophy, the Industrial Revolution sparked the birth of modernity. The theoretical renaissance and the 18th century philosophical enlightenment set a foundation for modernity in the new and improved technological and philosophical Europe. The Industrial Revolution was a period in history when Europeans decided that it was time for change. The people started expanding their horizons by being open minded and grew curious to learn more about the world. Many products and ideas were developed and changed in this industrial period. The invention of steam power, used to power factories and transport, allowed for deeper mining. The improvement of iron making techniques allowed for vastly higher production levels. New technologies allowed for much higher production at a lower cost, transforming industries, including the film industry. One of the greatest post-modern filmmakers was Stanley Kubrick. Kubrick challenged the studio system that was born from the postindustrial era. During this time, studios lost their foundational profits with the introduction of a new entertainment phenomenon, the television. Studios drew their focus to television; intrigued producers and studio executives sought out this form of “low budget filmmaking”. Kubrick challenged this newly established system and thrived. Kubrick’s independence from the Classic Hollywood style of filmmaking made him a memorable post-modernist auteur because of the combination of his use of high culture and pop culture and his use of post-modern techniques such as homage and pastiche. A brief look into world history shed’s light on the culmination of film in the post modern era and would specifically demonstrate how the... ... middle of paper ... ...e combination of his use of high culture and pop culture. Kubrick often used post-modern techniques, specifically homage and pastiche, by taking novels and manipulating the events into his own adapted film versions. He can be identified as an auteur as he often worked from home (writing, editing, and directing) in order to have complete control over the end product. His combination of high culture and low culture sets him apart from all other directors, it’s a technique that has become very specific to Kubrick in a number of his films. Kubrick has captivated audiences and created some of the most iconic images, iconic characters, and iconic films of all-time, many of which are considered to be among the greatest in cinema. Kubrick has had such a profound impact on cinema and has influenced many film makers, it would be hard to imagine cinema without Stanley Kubrick.

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