Teenage Pregnancy and Social Exclusion

1855 Words8 Pages
There are corresponding meanings to the concept of social exclusion as people have different views. It is often defined as people who exclude themselves from mainstream society through their own form of action and values in which they believe. However, as practitioners accumulate knowledge and experience they will begin to define social exclusion (Pierson, 2009, p.5). Social exclusion causes individuals to become disadvantaged; this is not just within the economy but through other extents such as education, culture and being a citizen within society (Bonell et al, 2003, p.871). Additionally, there are various risk factors that can also lead to social exclusion, these being school problems, family conflict, low income, age, etc. All of these factors can aid in someone being socially excluded, even if individuals aren’t aware that they are socially excluded. Teenage pregnancy and parenthood is just one group that are seen as socially excluded, it is noticed that higher rates of teenage pregnancies are accredited with low expectations, this can cause the teenagers to become socially excluded (French, 2009, p.185). Throughout history there have been various policies which were put into place to tackle teenage pregnancy. It is understood the more risk factors a teenager has, they are then habitually the ones who are most likely to be in a socially excluded group. Teenage mothers who have had factors in the past or at present have frequently steered them toward becoming a mother at a young age. The UK Birth Cohort study (1958, p.57, in Ingham 2005) considered how multiple risk factors may have a cumulative influence, believing those with more identified risk factors had 58% more chance of becoming a teenage parent. This figure illustr... ... middle of paper ... ...artPage/15 • Primarolo, D and Merron, G (2010) Teenage Pregnancy Strategy: Beyond 2010 [online] [accessed 21 Nov 2013] Available at http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20130401151715/https://www.education.gov.uk/publications/eOrderingDownload/00224-2010DOM-EN.pdf • Silva, E.B (1996) Good Enough Mothering? London: Routeledge • Teather, S and Burstow, B (2012) Joint ministerial message from Sarah Teather and Paul Burstow to LA teenage pregnancy leads and wider stakeholders [online] [Accessed 20 Nov 2013] Available at http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/healthandwellbeing/teenagepregnancy/a00205017/teenage-pregnancy-ministerial-message • Yardley, E. (2009) Teenage mothers’ experience of formal support services. Journal of social policy. 38(2) pp. 241 – 257 [online] [accessed 14 Nov 2013] Available at http://search.proquest.com/docview/222036855
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