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Teen Pregnancy in the United States

Teen Pregnancy in the United States

Introduction

Teen pregnancy falls into the category of pregnancies in girls age 19 or younger (NIH). Although statistics have shown a decrease, the number of teen pregnancy in the U.S. is still relatively high compared to the rest of the world. Sexual health is one of the top priorities in early adolescence health in the United States. Consequences of having sex at a young age generally results in unsafe sex practices. The consequences can be due to the lack of knowledge about sex education, and access to birth control/contraception (NIH, 2005). Due to the lack of knowledge and access to birth control, adolescents involve in risk taking when they start to explore sexual intimate relationships. Consequences of unsafe sexual behavior include sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy (NIH, 2005). This paper will focus on the majority aspect of pregnancy in adolescent.

Being pregnant at a young age puts adolescent mothers at a higher risk for short and long-term complications. This can be either health or social complications. Teen pregnancy not only put the mothers at risk but also put the newborns at risk for low-birth weight, premature births, and developmental delays (Strunk, 2008).

Every year, the average amount of dollars spent on teen pregnancy is about $11 billion in tax dollars. The majority of the cost goes to foster care and health care access due to the decreased incomes in teen pregnancy households. Many aspects of the adolescent mother’s life can be altered such as socially, educationally and economically (Lachance, Burrus, & Scott, 2012). Not only the mother’s life is affected but also the newborn’s life is also affected. This paper will dive into the risk factors of teen pr...

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...others: Effects of Being Born During Their Teen or Later Years. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 50 (3), 232-241.e4

Miranda–Diaz, M., & Corcoran, K. (2012). “All my friends are doing it:” The Impact of the Perception of Peer Sexuality on Adolescents' Intent to have Sex. Journal Of Evidence-Based Social Work, 9(3), 260-264. doi:10.1080/15433714.2012.672923

Rocca, C. H., & Harper, C. C. (2012). Do Racial and Ethnic Differences in Contraceptive Attitudes and Knowledge Explain Disparities In Method Use?. Perspectives On Sexual & Reproductive Health, 44(3), 150-158. doi:10.1363/4415012

Strunk, J. (2008). The effect of school-based health clinics on teenage pregnancy and parenting outcomes: an integrated literature review. Journal Of School Nursing (Allen Press Publishing Services Inc.), 24(1), 13-20. doi:10.1177/10598405080240010301

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