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Technology and the Future of Work

opinionated Essay
4416 words
4416 words
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Technology and the Future of Work Every society creates an idealised image of the future - a vision that serves as a beacon to direct the imagination and energy of its people. The Ancient Jewish nation prayed for deliverance to a promised land of milk and honey. Later, Christian clerics held out the promise of eternal salvation in the heavenly kingdom. In the modern age, the idea of a future technological utopia has served as the guiding light of industrial society. For more than a century utopian dreamers and men and women of science and letters have looked for a future world where machines would replace human labour, creating a near workerless society of abundance and leisure. (J Rifkin 1995 p.42) This paper will consider developments in technology, robotics, electronic miniaturisation, digitisation and information technology with its social implications for human values and the future of work. It will argue that we have entered post modernity or post Fordism, a new age technological revolution, which profoundly effects social structure and values. Some issues that will be addressed are: elimination of work in the traditional sense, longevity, early retirement, the elimination of cash, the restructuring of education, industry and a movement to global politics, economics and world government. In particular this paper will suggest that the Christian Judao work ethic with society's goals of full employment in the traditional sense is no longer appropriate, necessary or even possible in the near future, and that the definition of work needs to be far more liberal. It argues that as a post market era approaches, that both government and society will need to recognise the effects of new technology on social structure and re-distribute resources, there will need to be rapid development of policies to assist appropriate social adjustments if extreme social unrest, inequity, trauma and possible civil disruption is to be avoided. Yonedji Masuda (1983) suggests we are moving from an industrial society to an information society and maintains that a social revolution is taking place. He suggests that we have two choices ‘Computopia' or an ‘Automated State', a controlled society. He believes that if we choose the former, the door to a society filled with boundless possibilities will open; but if the latter, our future society will become a forbidding and a horrible age. He optimistically predicts our new future society will be ‘computopia' which he describes as exhibiting information values where individuals will develop their cognitive creative abilities and citizens and communities will participate voluntarily in shared goals and ideas. Barry Jones (1990) says we are passing through a post-service revolution into a post- service society - which could be a golden age of leisure and personal

In this essay, the author

  • Opines that every society creates an idealised image of the future - a vision that serves as inspiration.
  • Explains that dreamers, scientists, and women of science and letters have looked for a future world.
  • Describes the implications for human values and the future of work.
  • Argues that the definition of work needs to be far more liberal.
  • Opines that there will be no break with the past, but will see the effect of new.
  • Explains that the post-war baby boom and advances in technology are expected to increase by 2025.
  • Explains that in some countries, the number of men 65 and older who remain in the workforce has fallen.
  • Explains that to consider the possibility of a radical change from the past, they give no hint.
  • Opines that the economic model will continue to work well in the new era.
  • Opines that the failure to automate risks jobs and the introduction of automation.
  • Opines that it will be a very long time before the gains could offset the losses.
  • Opines that surplus labor could be taken up by new industries that in turn would use the surplus labour.
  • Opines that the longer term effects of such a cycle are questionable.
  • Explains that the average american consumes twice as much now as in the 1940s.
  • Analyzes the effects of goods and services on the psyche, with more people with less money, and a trend.
  • Opines that south australia is as high as twenty five and nine per cent for the country.
  • Explains that in the uk, the working week has reduced from eighty four hours in 1820 down to just eight hours.
  • Opines that conventional economic wisdom will not be based on conventional wisdom but is likely to be in the future.
  • Opines that we are entering a period of change in the twenty-first century.
  • Opines that how we do our jobs and educate will affect almost every aspect of our lives.
  • Describes business solutions at a fraction of the usual cost and in shorter length.
  • Argues that we are entering a post-modern era.
  • Analyzes how rifkin (1995) has a similar view, and concludes that he believes the road to an a.
  • Opines that he is optimistic about the post-market era and suggests that the end of work is imminent.
  • Explains that the top 20% of households received 44% of national incomes in 1982, and by 1990 this had risen to 47%.
  • Explains that education for all but a few domestic jobs starts at the ninth grade level, and for those, the hope of being retrained or schooled for an elite job.
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