Technological Developments in the 20th Century with the Wave of Imperialism and Industrialism
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The technological developments of the first half of the twentieth century, the wave of new imperialism and industrialization, and the conflicts occurring on a global scale, including World War I and World War II, created a global environment that fostered further interaction and conflict. Between 1900 and 1945, the relationship between the West (North America and Europe) and Africa continued to be based on the colonialism established earlier while the relationship between the West and Latin America continued to be minimal and mostly based on economics as opposed to politics; however, the relationship between the West and Asia changed as it grew more and combative.
The West and Africa maintained an imperialistic relationship through the first half of the twentieth century. Historians consider the first half of the twentieth century to be the era of classical colonialism in Africa. France acquired Morocco in 1912 while Italy acquired Libya in 1911. The West exploited its African colonies economically by forcing them into subservient roles where their economies focused on the production and export of raw materials. This not only gave the West an inexpensive and malleable source of raw materials, but also a monopoly over manufactured good as their colonies represented an outlet to purchase Western products. The West also exploited Africans through forced labor on plantations and mines in which the Europeans paid the Africans negligibly or not at all and placed them under harsh working conditions. Despite the innovations in modern medicine occurring in the early twentieth century, such as the creation of aspirin and the discovery of Vitamin D, the presence of Europeans only served to worsen public health in Africa as migrants spread ...
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...Latin American economies, these economies collapsed when the Great Depression occurred and the value for exports decreased exponentially. Following in the same suit as Germany, Italy, and many other Western countries, the Latin American countries, including Argentina and Brazil, developed authoritarian forms of government when their economies collapsed. The West and Latin America experienced continuity throughout the early twentieth century as their relationship remained indirect and economically based.
The societies of the first half of the twentieth century all saw an increase in their interactions and as a result, their conflicts. The West, in particular, continued to control Africa imperially and interact with Latin America indirectly and solely economically, but its relationship changed with Asia when conflicts arose between Japan and India and Western nations.