If the mother waits until the third trimester (when the baby is more developed), then she must have Partial Birth Abortion. Using Ultra-sound, the doctor grabs the baby’s legs and forces out all but the head. Scissors are then jammed into the back of the skull and opened, creating a larger hole. A suction tube sucks the brains out, causing the skull to collapse. Then the dead baby is removed.Believe it or not, the mother is also harmed.
Most of the time, the medication would kill the baby and the woman would just have to give birth to a dead baby, or they can make it so that you have a miscarriage. However, if the baby is in its first trimester, a vacuum can suck it and it will have hardly any damage to your body, except for that if a part of a fetus is left behind, it can infect. The main reason there are debates over this issue is because it is a new life in a stomach, never seen the outside world before.
Some psychological problems may occur during this type of abortion. Another type of abortion is a hysterotomy. During this procedure, the woman is given a small caesarean section to be performed and the fetus is removed. The only problem with this procedure is after a person has one caesarean section, they will have to continue having C-sections for their future pregnancies. Partial birth abortion is done during the fifth month of gestation and is only done for serious situations, such as health and mental health of the mother, or if the fetus has been found to be dead, malformed, or suffering from a serious defect.
In a method commonly referred to as the “morning-after pill”, a woman is given large doses of estrogen within 72 hrs of unprotected sexual intercourse and again 12 hrs later. Depending on where a woman is in her menstrual cycle, the estrogen will either inhibit or delay ovulation or it my altar the uterine lining. This will prevent the implantation of a fertilized egg. However, several side effects may include, nausea, headache, dizziness, or fluid retention. There are more dangerous forms of abortion.
Prostaglandin Chemical Abortion is a form of abortion after 20 weeks where doctors use chemicals that cause the mother’s uterus to contract to produce intense contractions. The contractions are much more violent then normal and will decapitate and kill the fetus. The last form of abortion after 20 weeks is, Hysterotomy or Caesaerean Section, in which the surgeon cuts through the abdomen and then cuts the umbilical cord. Once the umbilical cord is cut, the oxygen supply to the fetus is gone and the fetus suffocates. Sometimes, the fetus is born alive, but it is left in a corner to die.
This means that the baby has died without the mother interrupting the pregnancy and now she has to look for a way to get the baby out. It could also be cause by the mother age or the health issues she might have. Doctors have said that this has happen too many woman. Spontaneous abortion can also lead to the death of the mother. Second type of abortion is where the mother induces her pregnancy to eliminate the fetus.
A common method is the morning-after pill, where a woman is given large doses of estrogen (a female hormone), which stops the development of a fetus at the earliest stages after conception. Another method uses two different drugs, mifepristone and misoprostol, which have to be taken in the first seven weeks of conception. First the mifepristone is taken which blocks progesterone, a hormone needed to maintain the pregnancy. About 48 hours later the misoprostol is taken which causes contractions in the uterus (the organ in which the fetus develops). These uterine contractions expel the fetus.
This is when the foetus is deliberately killed and removed from the woman's womb. It can only take place in the first 24 weeks of pregnancy as that is when the first premature babies are born. In moral issues laws say that 2 doctors must be present and they must agree on either of the following circumstances: Continuing the pregnancy means that there is a risk to the woman's health, or that of her existing children greater than if the pregnancy was terminating, allowing up to 24 weeks of pregnancy; or Continuing the pregnancy would involve severe damage to the woman's mental or physical health greater than if the pregnancy was terminated, or there is a strong risk of severe handicap in the expected continues without time limit. There are many different methods of abortion which can be split into two different categories, early methods of abortion and late methods of abortion. Early methods of abortion include Vacuum Aspiration or Sharp Curettage which can only take place in the 6th to 16th week.
The solution causes suffocation when inhaled into the lungs and burns off the outer layer of the skin of the fetus. The procedure can take up to 6 hours and results in the woman giving birth to the dead fetus. Prostaglandin is a procedure preformed after fifteen weeks and is similar to the saline injections. Instead of injecting the mother with saline, she is injected with a certain hormone which induces labor. Aside from all the procedures still used today, there is a method that has been banned due to its crude nature.
The age of gestation determines the type of medication and equipment used to perform the abortion. One example of a second trimester abortion is the umbilical cord transection. This is where a lethal medication is delivered to the infant, then the umbilical cord is vacuumed down through the cervix and cut. (Tocce, Leach, Scheeder, Nielson, & Teal, 2013). There are also medications that prevent a woman from ovulating after having unprotected sex, thus eliminating conception and the need for a medical abortion.