Word recognition involves includes that of blending, applying sight words and Syntactic cues and sit under the umbrella of phonological awareness and reading fluency. Reading comprehension is the process of understanding what is been read and sits under the umbrella of reading vocabulary and reading for enjoyment (pg 10). These components will allow students to recognize words quickly and effortless and with enjoyment. Of all the skills children learn in school, reading is the most important but unfortunately children are sometimes faced with barriers that if not dealt with properly will prevent them from overcoming reading difficulties. Jennings, Caldwell and Lerner (2009) stated that Reading difficulties can be a problem of emotional, neurological, cognitive, and can even be associated with intelligence and intellectual factors.
Fluency helps in reading because the reader should be able to tell what a word is and know what it means. If a student rereads a story they can practice fluency and become better at it. A teacher can also be the guidance and model when developing a fluent reader. If the teacher does the demonstrating, a student could follow along and eventually learn to become fluent. Fluency can be developed in reading once a student has caught on to phonics, phonemic awareness, oral language, vocabulary, and comprehension.
From predicting strategies, students can improve their understanding of the text, such as through predicting the title of the text, pictures, and keywords. Moreover, in predicting strategy, students’ need prior knowledge to connect with the text they are reading. It is supported by Que (2011) that explain students use their prior knowledge to interact with text, make meaning and generate predictions of what they read. Indeed, students should have prior knowledge in order to use predict strategy. Visualizing The nature of visualization in reading is the process of creating picture of text to help comprehension (Munro, 2008).
Reading is a complex task which incorporates several elements for teachers to effectively teach students to read. Reading is the process of constructing meaning from text and using the student’s prior knowledge and experience to make sense of the context. A balanced approach to reading is the most effective way to teach students to read as it gives student’s the correct learning opportunities to become engaged and passionate readers. A balanced approach to reading involves the effective use of both phonics and whole language. The elements of the two are combined into a program aimed at educating students to be proficient and lifelong readers.
This is useful, and helpful when teaching kids. It allows for repetition and practice of reading and writing. However, in some cases especially students who are below average in their reading skills some strategies need to be provided and mastered before comprehension can occur. Students need to have prior background knowledge about phonics, and word usage. The whole idea is to build both top-down model strategies, and bottom-up skills and word identification at the same time.
Practical educators understand that they key in this phase of reading, comes from teaching students to recognize that individual letters and certain letters together create specific repeated sounds. Successful teachers must aide students in having a well-founded understanding of phonemes in order to form letter-sound correspondences and recognize spelling patterns. When teachers assist students in doing so, it leads to helping the students learn how to apply this knowledge in their reading. As mentioned above, a starting point in phonics instruction comes from assessing the prior knowledge of the student. This allows teachers to create lessons and plans that offer diversity and give students a fair chance to understand
Critical Literacy and Content Literacy Connections Critical literacy is the ability to read and write in a way that results in a deeper understanding. Critical literacy is an approach that teaches students “to exercise their critical faculties to filter what they understand and are asked to believe from texts” (Temple, Ogle, Crawford, & Freppon). Content area literacy “emphasize two ideas: 1) the significance of reading to learn and 2) the importance of teaching students to become more proficient and efficient readers of content area texts.” (Swafford & Kallus). In essence, critical literacy serves as the foundation for content literacy. The ultimate goal of critical literacy and content literacy is enabling students to be able to analyze and evaluate text.
I like to say that children are decisions makers about how to use their skills they have learned in reading I can show them the path but encourage them to make the decision on how to use their knowledge. The skills that would be taught is when they would do read aloud, which helps with the students to perceive meaningful wholes and it helps the experience of what the students are hearing and learning. The students need to set the... ... middle of paper ... ...rt with it being teacher, teacher, teacher, student, during the discussion and then will eventually lead it to teacher, student, student, student, and it would go from there to student, student, student, teacher. Instead of teaching lessons in literacy, we as teachers are more likely to provide models of literacy activities for children by reading it to them first. Practicing encourages students to be aware of what they're doing while they complete reading assignments.
The reading skills of a student determine other skills in English. A student’s ability to read will help them through their academic lives and help them become a good writer as they have an understanding of words, phrases and sentences (Johnston, McGeown & Watson, 2011). The sounds of letters are arbitrary, thus difficult to discover without explicit teaching. Teaching phonics explicitly involves the teacher to clearly and consistently pronounce the sounds they are teaching. It is crucial for teachers to develop and continually refine their ability to pronounce the phonemes in words.
Literature Review In today’s schools, so many children have problems with learning to read. Learning to read is an important life skill and comprehending text is the reason that we read. With this in mind, understanding the nature of the reading process is the starting point of developing strategic readers. Reading is the process of decoding a set of written symbols in order to make meaning. A reader begins by looking at printed symbols associated with oral language and pictures which is then translated into a sound.