Teachers Have The Responsibility Of Supporting The Learning Of Vocabulary

1334 Words6 Pages
Teachers have the responsibility of supporting the learning of vocabulary in the classrooms. Students from different socioeconomic backgrounds, unfortunately face a large deficit in language and vocabulary skills when they enter school, thus making reading a difficult task. Teachers need to promote vocabulary experiences in the classroom that include, carefully selecting vocabulary words to be taught, fostering incidental word learning, promoting word consciousness activities, and providing effective vocabulary instruction. Teachers Select Words for Instruction Teachers should select words for vocabulary instruction which will be useful for the students’ present learning expectations and words that are going to be useful in the future. The words chosen for instruction should be words that children are going to hear, read, write, and say often. Children acquire vocabulary through repetition of word usage. Children will benefit from using vocabulary words in various ways and multiple times. According to Lane et.al. (2010), Beck and colleagues developed a three tier model for selecting vocabulary words to teach, based on each words level of utility. The first tier includes words which do not require direct instruction. Students learn tier one level words through daily oral conversations, listening to read alouds, writing activities, and reading independently. According to Beck, McKeown, Kucan (2002), level one words are acquired indirectly through everyday oral and written experiences. Tier one words are acquired through children’s own personal background vocabulary. The students will likely make a connection with a new word through a familiar word. Tier one level words include words such as: moon, dog, house, picture, and ta... ... middle of paper ... ...dent reading, and oral conversation. Richardson (2009), suggests in order for direct instruction to be effective these elements should be evident in the instruction of vocabulary words: multiple and varied encounters with the words, pictures, strategies, and imbedded vocabulary. Vocabulary instruction can be taught in whole group or small group instruction. The group size will depend on the specific needs of the students. Teachers need to promote vocabulary experiences in the classroom that will include carefully selecting vocabulary words to be taught, fostering incidental word learning, promoting word consciousness activities, and providing effective vocabulary instruction. Teachers who create a word-rich environment, model sophisticated words, and provide multifaceted approaches in the classroom will ensure that the students are expanding their vocabulary.
Open Document