By doing this the Roman empires’ revenue was undercut (Shaw 813). Not only did this contribute to loss of revenue for Rome, it created a feeling of inequality and animosity among the provinces of Rome. In early Rome, this system of taxation contributed to Rome’s need to raise taxes and devalue currency in the future. (Shaw 815). The older system of Roman taxation was dependent on the success of farming.
The equestrians had the “necessary expertise”, and so were assigned the responsibility of tax collecting (Holland 39). This was done in hopes that the prominence of corruption and selfish incentives would go down. The publicani, or public contractors that were primarily from the equestrian class, took over collecting taxes and held this responsibility the longest. Things went smoothly until the publicani began to act selfishly, overbid, and eventually fall into debt. The publicani generated a sizeable amount of the Roman government revenue, so much so that the government depended heavily on it.
Around the late 19th century displeasurable and unfair actions have been acted toward farmers, working men, and minorities. The Industrialist took advantage of their lack of power, and bribed government officials and pursed corruption actions towards laborers. However, the loudest voice of the group was the Agrarian workers and American Farmers. Ask yourself, was the farmers outcry's pure pointless complaints towards Industrialist malicious actions or potential abuse that impedes an unbalanced industrialized society? Farmers were falling into unprofitable production and debt using all the profit innovating machines the government encouraged them to use.
The main party platform included governmental regulation and ownership of banks and railroads, women’s suffrage, income tax on the wealthy, and called for the direct election of senators . Although the Party did not last the reasons for its rise gives invaluable insight to the conditions in the United States at the time. The rise of the populist movement can be attributed to the general grievances farmers and laborers faced, agrarian discontent and political dissent, the newfound globalization encountered due to new technology and the inclusive nature of the party itself. For farmers and laborers in the 1880s-1990s everyday life took a turn for the worse. They now faced numerous new issues that negatively impacted their lives, and they wanted to change that.
The economic situation was only one of the elements that caused the people to question the monarchy in pre-revolutionary France. France was in great debt and almost bankrupt but this did not stop them from fighting wars. The debt -- an economic problem -- turned into a social one, when the peasants were taxed heavily in order to pay for the debt, this caused them to question greatly their position in society and the effectiveness of their monarchy. Drought and other natural disasters ruined crop production, causing food prices to rise dramatically. With taxes rising and prices too, peasants were living in famine and in poor living conditions.
The Patricians were referred as the aristocratic class who came to monopolized Rome’s political and religious institutions. The plebeians, who are initially referred as nonpatricians were the common people of Rome. In the early centuries of the Roman republic the plebeians suffered under the rule of the patrician order; the upper and lower classes of the plebeian order were prohibited from Rome’s political and religious institutions. In addition, they were also imposed to unjust laws, like debtors laws. In addition, plebeians did not have the rights to appeal against the laws imposed by the patrician government.
Farmers, who lived all across the United States, sought debt relief and tax relief (Beard, 28). The weight of the debt at the time was crushing small American farmers who were being forced to pay their debts by selling their property for less than its value (Holton, 90). These debtors sought relief in many legal forms. For example, they asked for the “abolition of imprisonment, paper money, laws delaying the collection of debts, propositions requiring debtors to accept land in lieu of specie at a valuation fixed by a board of arbitration” (Beard, 28). However, they also sought relief through revolt (ex.
Though Rome’s military decline was because the Roman mobs no longer felt like a commitment to the military was worth the supposed benefits, and the US 's decline is by the presidential administration. There are also similarities in the wealth of the societies. In both, having a government position was a road to wealth - the pay was good and you become a prominent member of society. The middle class has some issues in both places - in Rome the middle class was crushed before the fall of Rome due to cheap slave and oversea labour. The same thing is happening in the United States of America.
This event shows how corrupt and money hungry the government had become, by letting anyone get high up in the political chain just by feeding the gluttonous king. The next king, Louis XVI saw that the majority of France (75%) was peasants and serfs. Consequently, to try to ensure their happiness (and prevent the Revolution), he had the Estates-General abolish the feudal system, in which they held no ranking.4 This made the nobility extremely unhappy. With no feudal system, they no longer were much higher up politicly than the commoners. The next noble atrocity came with Louis XVI making the nobles pay taxes.
The rich then obtained their land, converted them into cash crop farms, and had them work in it. This destroyed the family farms that supported Rome before, and made the rich more powerful. To help the peasant farmers, Tiberius Gracchus tried to enact land reform. This was not popular with the richer Romans, so it got vetoed twice. He then got support from his followers to have an opposing tribune removed, which violated the constitution.