Tartuffe, By Moliere And Voltaire

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Religion in society has always been argued and has caused many disagreements between the people of the church and the people of the community and the church itself. Dating back to the 17th and 18th century, authors began speaking out about their views on hypocrisy and fanaticism of the religious body. Authors, Moliere and Voltaire began writing satirical stories expressing their views on the issues of religion. Moliere used his play, Tartuffe, to direct his readers to understand the hypocrisy and fanaticism he found within the religion. Born Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, is recognized by his stage name of Moliere. He was born in France into a middle-class, or Bourgeoisie, family. Moliere wrote Tartuffe in 1664 with the theme of religious moderation.(Bertrin) Tartuffe is about the main character, Tartuffe, being a hypocritical religious man. Tartuffe reveals the sins of others, however, refuses to hold himself accountable for the things he does. He has manipulated Orgon, the head of the house, into believing he is a saint in spite of Tartuffe demoralizing himself and using religion to mask his indecency. Moliere creates the character Cleante to be the voice of reason in Tartuffe; also allowing to express his raw belief on religious moderation. Not only does Moliere skillfully creates his play to give his interpretation, but Voltaire also provides an eloquent description of his thoughts in his novella Candide. François-Marie Arouet uses his pen name, Voltaire, to be associated with his literary works. Candide was published in 1759, almost a century after Tartuffe. Candide was written as a satirical French novella to mock the hypocrisy and fanaticism of the clergy in the Catholic Church. Voltaire creates Candide with the theme of reli... ... middle of paper ... ...christ. This triggers fanaticism in both the orator and his wife and the orator curses him while his wife dumps wastes all over Candide Their exasperation over his religious opinion motivates them to make immediate decisions without being rational. Both Voltaire and Moliere address similar issues with their society. Successfully, both authors gain acknowledgement from their readers. These authors’ use of satire and other literary techniques alarmed the community of the events occurring within the church body. Both authors had faith that their literatures could transform their community for the better. Still in the 21st century religious people are hypocritical as well as fanatical. However, because of the knowledge composed by writers who are aware of the misconceptions of religion, more people are are mindful of the manipulation in their society.

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