Two things that have greatly affected personal liberties of people today are the USA Patriot Act and the National Security Agency. Personal freedoms have never been the same since the day everything changed and all of these new acts and agencies were put into place. The governments response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks has resulted in violations of personal freedoms. On October 7th, 2001 the United States launched the war on terrorism. While terrorist attacks were nothing new and have been going on for a long time, after September 11th, 2001 everything changed.
Unfortunately, these effects are consequences of overusing the tactic. The United States must learn from Israel’s mistakes and use targeted killings as a last resort, after every opportunity to capture a terrorist leader is exhausted. The United States policy of targeted killings drew significant public scrutiny after American born cleric Anwar Al-Aulaqi was killed by a drone strike in late 2011. During several months of debate, many scholars, lawyers and journalists accused the U.S. of executing one of their own citizens without the benefit of due process afforded by the Fifth Amendment of the Constitution. Finally, last week on 5 March 2012, Attorney General Eric Holder publicized the Obama Administration’s position in a speech at the Northwestern University School of Law.
Congress has the constitutional power to declare war; however, more often than not it is the president that has done so and abused his power as commander- in- chief. If you ask American citizens why President Bush chose to invade Iraq in 2003 many would say because the September 11th attacks. “According to U.S. President George W. Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair, the coalition mission was "to disarm Iraq of weapons of mass destruction, to end Saddam Hussein's support for terrorism, and to free the Iraqi people” ( ). Dubbed George W. Bush’s war on terror, the invasion of Iraq challenged congress’ power to declare war. Furthermore, Bush made several unilat... ... middle of paper ... ...in Afghanistan) as “enemy combatants” violates a 1971 law that bars citizens who haven't been charged with a crime from being imprisoned or detained indefinitely, except pursuant to an act of Congress” (Masci 2001).
America under Siege… One the greatest bastions of freedom and democracy in our world is now under siege by cowardly forces. The terrorist attack on the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon is not only an attack against the US, but an attack against the entire Western civilised world. There is nothing more despised and cowardly then a terrorist attack on innocent bystanders, but yet it is still one of the most effective weapons in the world today. It has been used before and will probably be used again, as we see from the attacks in the US. This is the warfare of the new Millennium.
The same group that hijacked the plane and crashed it into the Twin Towers, killing thousands of innocent civilizans. President Bush stated that the declared war on terror was not just going to start with the destruction of Al-Qaeda, but after them, Bush was determined to defeat every last terrorist group. This chosen time of war on terror, can easily be found, and described as a just war, as described by Jean Elshtain. The first of four rules stated by Elshtain for a just war, is to be “declared or otherwise authorized by a legitimate authority,” as it is the government’s first and most important responsibility to continuously maintain civic peace by providing “basic security - ordinary civic peace” to their country (303, 294). It is a countries right to stand up, and fight for a just cause.
That accuracy, even when using the government’s estimates, is shocking. More than 1/3 of the dead are innocent Afghanistan: Also used signature strikes, and ended up killing a marine and navy medic. There have been 333 reported drone strikes in 2012, and the amounts of drone strikes since then have greatly increased. These drones strikes kill many people, and the amount of drone strikes in Afghanistan in one year has been greater than the number of drone strikes in Pakistan from 2004-2012. With increasing controversy, the U.S. military gave up giving out information about Afghan drone strikes on March of 2013.A study conducted a U.S. military advisor found that drones killed more civilians in Afghanistan than I did... ... middle of paper ... ...fghanistan Drone Strike Data No Longer Reported By U.S. Air Force."
The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on America divided two nations, yet knit one closer like the attacks on Pearl Harbor. There were many events that lead up to 9/11 that were only the beginning. The attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001 was the finale. George Bush wrote in his diary, “The Pearl Harbor of the 21st century happened today…” (George Bush). This attack was a surprise, just like Pearl Harbor, but the U.S. reacted swiftly and effectively.
President Bush's decision to consider establishing military tribunals to prosecute accused terrorists has set off a major debate on civil liberties in the United States. Supporters argue that such a measure is a constitutional necessity to address terrorism of an unprecedented scope. Opponents claim that the tribunals would undermine the rule of law and deprive defendants of the protection provided for in the American system of justice. My research and personnel experience on the subject has found the tribunals to be in direct accordance of what the President of the United States his charged to do. It’s the duty of the President to ensure the safety of all citizens.
With their advanced technology, the United States’ military could strategize smartly where Hussein was and captured him. Because Hussein was accused for having in possession nuclear and biological weapons of mass destruction, the capture certainly was a relief for the whole world. Another positive effect of the Iraqi War is the opportunity of Iraq to a new government. Gubash mentions about the war effect on Iraqi government, “The U.S. – led overthrow of a dictator has accelerated the pressure for political and social reform that began in the wake of September 11, 200, terrorist attacks. For years, people have been clamoring for democratic reform while Arab regimes have just as staunchly resisted any change that that would erode their grip on power” (4).
Beginning with the most terrorizing attack, the al-Qaeda, that attacked the US in 2001. This organization founded by Osama bin Laden provoked a great impact for the Americans. After the tragedies caused by Tuesday, September 11, 2001 attack, the world became more alert, and there has been less terrorism since the prevention tactics used. Terrorism has also had significant effects on Arab history. Their country is known for having the most terrorists, and it makes people group them all as such because of what the attacks they have committed.