The Harlem Renaissance created two goals. “The first was that black authors tried to point out the injustices of racism in American life. The second was to promote a more unified and positive culture among African Americans"(Charles Scribner 's Sons). The Harlem Renaissance is a period
The Harlem Renaissance was an era of cultural expression. It was an eruption of literature, music, and art that was created and inspired by African Americans. The movement was centered in Harlem, New York City. It was a part of a worldwide revolution that was sparked by World War I. The Harlem Renaissance brought about a debate over racial identity and the future of black Americans following a growth in the African American population in Northern cities during and after the war.
Wells, Asa P. Randolph, Marcus Garvey, and W.E.B. Du Bois asked blacks to help themselves by establishing a culture within their communities. Other notable figures in black communities called out discriminate and violent acts against blacks to help bring awareness to Americans of what was happening across the nation. In all-black communities in New York City, the crusade for justice pushed blacks to participate in fine arts such as music, dance, writing, and painting. Participation in fine arts mostly helped literary writers during the Harlem Renaissance to express music and life experiences through their writing.
Du Bois didn’t oppose the relationship between black writers and white publishers, but he was condemning of works, such as Claude McKay 's bestselling book Home to Harlem (1928) for engaging to the prurient demands of white readers and publishers for portrayals of black debauchery. Langston Hughes communicated for most of the artist and writers when he wrote his essay The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain (1926) that black artists prepared to express themselves no matter what the white public or black public thought. In Langston Hughes ' writings, he also repeated to the theme of racial fleeting, but during the Harlem Renaissance, he began to analyze the topic of homosexuality and homophobia. He began to use unruly language in his writings. He analyzed this topic because it was a point that during this time period was not discussed.
This can be seen through the funding dependence on White Americans, the continued spread of racism and the failure to acknowledge the rights of poor Southern African-Americans. Harlem provided a source of entertainment for many people. With its Jazz Clubs and poetry readings it was the “hip” place to be. This was a shock to many African-American’s, who had never before had the opportunity to perform in such affluent surroundings. Oftentimes funding for these clubs or programs was provided by White Americans.
Harlem Renaissance was an African American cultural movement of the 1920s and early 1930s that was centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City. Also known as the New Negro movement, the New Negro Renaissance, and the Negro Renaissance, the movement emerged toward the end of World War I in 1918, blossomed in the mid- to late 1920s, and then faded in the mid-1930s. The Harlem Renaissance marked the first time that mainstream publishers and critics took African American literature seriously and that African American literature and arts attracted significant attention from the nation at large. Primarily music, theater, art, and politics. The Harlem Renaissance emerged amid social and intellectual upheaval in the African American community in the early 20th century.
WIth such a large popularity and demand for new forms of expression, many of the best African American musicians, scholars, and artist moved to Harlem to start a new career. Harlem became a hot bed for new styles of dancing, writing, music, and art. These forms of music and art had been practiced by some people but had not gotten a large amount of exposure because they were done by African Americans who were not respected as intellectuals or even human beings at this point in time. With the new found freedom ... ... middle of paper ... ...risis that showed and opinion from the African American perspective. The creation of Jazz was essential in life as we know it because Jazz was extremely popular amongst the youth.
Hughes was well reserved in trying to denied that he is a communism. Black Arts movement help reconstructed the African American writings. Blacks began to express their voice easily about their struggles and live through forms of writings. Hughes fights for the social equality for blacks that they deserve to be served not ignored. From this article I never knew that Blacks have so much struggle in living in the white society.
The term “New Negro” transformed the stereotypical image of African Americans as ex-slaves that were ignorant and inferior, to a race of intellectuals who articulated their culture in writing, art, and music. The phrase “New Negro” was in use long before the Harlem Renaissance, but this school of thought was truly emphasized by Alain Locke in his book The New Negro: An Interpretation. The New Negro was put together for the purpose as described by Lock: "to document the New Negro culturally and socially, - to register the transformations of the inner and outer life of the Negro in America that have so significantly taken place in the last few years." It was felt that African Americans were eager to claim their own agency in culture and politics instead of just remaining a problem for the whites. The “New Negroes” included poets, novelists, and blues musicians creating their art out of their own African folk, her... ... middle of paper ... ... the development of black literature, and The Harlem Renaissance, or the New Negro Movement, marked a turning point for this literature.