This deadly and drug-resistant disease is malaria. The story of drug-resistant malaria in Cambodia is significant because people in other countries could be affected and must be aware of the fact that it is becoming immune to the most powerful drugs used to fight it. The reasons why Western Cambodia is a big place for drug-resistance are unknown. The falciparith parasite that lies in Cambodia is one of the four types of malaria and is the most deadly. Through a Mosquito, it enters the bloodstream and after 2 weeks of incubating, it multiplies and takes over red blood cells.
They multiply in the liver, and then travel back into the blood, where they continue to grow and multiply so quickly that they clog blood vessels and rupture blood cells. When the red blood cells burst, the parasites are released and then attack other red blood cells. Malaria is not contagious, which means one person cannot pass it directly to another. However, if a mosquito that is not infected bites an infected person, it picks up the malaria parasites. In likeness to Aids, the malaria virus can be in your body for up to several months before the initial symptoms develop.
Malaria (also called biduoterian fever, blackwater fever, falciparum malaria, plasmodium, Quartan malaria, and tertian malaria) is one of the most infectious and most common diseases in the world. This serious, sometimes-fatal disease is caused by a parasite that is carried by a certain species of mosquito called the Anopheles. It claims more lives every year than any other transmissible disease except tuberculosis. Every year, five hundred million adults and children (around nine percent of the world’s population) contract the disease and of these, one hundred million people die. Children are more susceptible to the disease than adults, and in Africa, where ninety percent of the world’s cases occur and where eighty percent of the cases are treated at home, one in twenty children die of the disease before they reach the age of five.
The Malaria itself is presented as a ring shape and ranges between the colors yellow and dark brown and sometimes black. (Basic Malaria Microscopy, 1999) As soon as the malaria parasites hit the blood stream they start killing off red blood cells which causes flu like symptoms such as NVD, chills, tiredness, and muscle aches. Since these are all common symptoms, Malaria may be misdiagnosed at first. If the beginning stages of malaria are not treated severe malaria will start taking place with more severe symptoms including breathing difficulties, low blood sugar and coma. If these symptoms go untreated the disease will lead to death.
Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Supportive care is very important in the treatment of Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF). Treatment used for this disease is an antiviral drug is given, ribavirin. Patient is kept in isolation and constantly monitored for blood volumes. Prevention In endemic regions, prevention depends on avoiding bites from infected ticks and contact with infected blood or tissues. M5 Smallpox Smallpox is a deadly disease spread by a virus called varilola, this disease was once one of the world’s most dangerous and feared disease, before its eradication in1980.Smallpox was a dangerous disease globally, due to how contagious the disease was and the rate of how the disease spread on a global basic.
The Dengue virus is only spread by mosquitoes; it is not spread directly from person to person. The Aedes aegypti is a day-biting mosquito that prefers to feed on humans. WHO GETS DENGUE FEVER? Everyone is susceptible to the disease if exposed to infected mosquitoes. Dengue fever is a current epidemic in more than 100 subtropical countries where the mosquito population is high.
The problem Scientists discovered that a single-celled parasite known, as plasmodium was the cause of malaria. Throughout the tropical regions of the world, malaria is endemic. Malaria has caused at least more than 350 million severe illnesses and a minimum of 100 million deaths each year . Children below the age of 5 make up a massive proportion of deaths every year, as they are prone to infection. 90% of malaria-associated death occurred in Africa.
To sum it all up, malaria is caused by parasite-infected mosquitoes, signs of malaria are basically changes in temperature from colds to fevers, it is diagnosed by extinguishable malaria parasites in the blood and treatment is determined by the severity of the disease, the outcome is usually complete recovery and in some cases, death is the only way out, and preventing malaria is all about preventing mosquitoes Again, malaria is a disastrous disease, one you don’t want to get; one that no one wants to get. Malaria is a disease worth knowing about, because it has killed an immense amount of people.
How can we stop malaria? Malaria is a disease which effect both humans and animals and it is caused by the spread of the Plasmodium parasite. This parasite uses the female Anopheles mosquito as vector in order to infect a human or animal with the parasite; when a person is bitten by an infected mosquito, sporozoites enter the blood and travel to the liver. In the liver they divide to become merozites which then move back into the bloodstream where they infect red blood cells. In the red blood cells they divide further, exploding from the cells every 48-72 hours causing waves of illness.
Parasitology is the study of parasites that causes various diseases in the tropics, subtropics and temperate climate areas. These organisms live outside of the host (Ectoparasites) and also within the host which are classified as Endoparasites. For instance, malarial parasites rely on survival within the host for their nourishment. Malaria causes the most deaths throughout the world. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that there are 660,000 people that die each year from malaria, mostly in young children of Africa (CDC, 2014).