Tactics In The Life Of William Randolph Hearst

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Today’s mass media has been molded by hundreds of years of reporting, journalism, and personal opinions. America’s mainstream media thrives upon stretching the truth and ‘creating’ interesting stories for the public. Tactics like this can be credited to people such as William Randolph Hearst, a newspaper mogul from the late 19th to the 20th centuries. Hearst greatly influenced the practice of American journalism through his wealth, short political career, and use of unorthodox reporting methods such as yellow journalism. Born in San Francisco in 1863 to California gold rush millionaire George Hearst, William Randolph displayed a love for journalism at young age. While attending Harvard College, he wrote for the Harvard Lampoon, the university’s local newspaper (“William Randolph Hearst” pbs.org). After showing great promise as a journalist, he soon became an apprentice to his influence in journalism Joseph Pulitzer who, at the time, worked as a publisher at the New York World (the country’s most popular newspaper). Hearst, however, eventually returned to his birthplace of to become the publisher of his father’s newspaper the San Francisco Examiner. In 1887, Hearst officially became the editor and began running the Examiner; while in charge, he began implementing many changes (pbs.org). His advancements included hiring many great writers of the time (such as Mark Twain, Jack London, and Ambrose Bierce), upgrading the equipment used to print the papers, and working day and night to produce interesting, catchy headlines. In less than three years, Hearst had pushed the Examiner to the top and began competing with the New York World and his former hero Joseph Pulitzer. While still working as an editor of his San Francisco newspaper, H... ... middle of paper ... ... lonely man who consumed his life with greed and pushed his loved ones away. Although Hearst slowed the social acceptance of this movie, he failed to stop it; it is now considered one of the greatest movies of all time. William Randolph Hearst was a man driven by money and publicity throughout his life. He created a media empire that stretched across the whole country using his biased headlines and outlandish articles. By introducing yellow journalism to the journalism realm, he opened up a whole new style not only for reporters in his time, but for those of the future. Even though he sided with Hitler and went against FDR, his feud with Orson Welles over the production and release of Citizen Kane ultimately became his final demise. His death in 1951 at 88 years old leaves him gone but never forgotten as a man who changed the world of newspapers and media forever.

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