The first probe to escape Earth's gravity was the Soviet LUNA 1, launched on Jan. 2, 1959. It passed the Moon and continued into interplanetary space. The U.S. probe Pioneer 4, launched two months later, followed the same path. Later Soviet probes either hit the Moon or passed it and took photographs of the hidden far side, relaying them back to Earth. The first man to travel to space was Yuri Gagarin.
Sadly, Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, which was two years after his goal was announced. His death sparked a new fire as America worked as one to get a man to the moon, one step at at time. The two space programs that were involved in the Space Race were NASA, which stands for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Soviet Space Program. NASA was established by Dwight D. Eisenhower on July 29th, 1958. It funded and oversaw all the American space missions during the Space Race, and is still running today, which helps preserve the history NASA had.
President Kennedy awarded Alan Shepard, Jr. the Distinguished Service Medal on May 8, 1961. On May 25, President Kennedy committed the United States to a multi-billion dollar space program for at least the next nine years. President Kennedy has this goal for America, "before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to Earth." The United States' second man in space was Virgil I. Grissom. He was a 35 year-old test pilot for the Air Force who had flown 100 combat missions in the Korean War.
The Soviet Union launched Luna 2, which was the first space probe to hit the moon. In April 1961, the Soviet Union had the ultimate success, sending the first human into space. The name of the Russian cosmonaut was Yuri Gagarin, who made a 108 minute suborbital flight in a Vostok 1 spacecraft. One month after that, Alan Shepard became the American in space aboard the Freedom 7 spacecraft. Continuing from there, each nation step... ... middle of paper ... ...tronauts, which were carried to the surface of the moon with them.
On August 17th, 1958, the US set its sights upon the moon with the Pioneer 0 but it exploded in its first stages of ascension. It was followed later in the year by Pioneer 1 and Pioneer 3 both lunar orbiters, but again failure because both separately failed to reach atmospheric escape velocity.The following years Pioneer 4 and 5 were launched as space probes and are presently still in solar orbit. In 1962, the Aerobee Rocket was launched and observed the first x-ray star. In the 1960's, NASA began the Ranger space probe program. They were NASA's earliest Moon exploration program probes.
John H. Glenn, Jr. was the first American into space. He was the first man to orbit the earth. A claim that Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space (April 12, 1961),can't make. The Russians did circle the earth in space but not in orbit. When John Glenn took off in the Mercury-Atlas 6 rocket, named Friendship 7, he made history.
On April 12, 1961 Russia became the first to send a manned craft into space. The craft’s name was Sputnik 11, also known as Vostok 1. Yuri A. Gargarin became the first man to view Earth from Space. The flight lasted a mere one hour and forty-eight minutes before returning Gargarin safely to the Earth’s surface. This occurred only twenty-five days prior to NASA’s first suborbital flight.
Currently, NASA has quite a few rovers and orbiters out. They are also doing some advanced research. In 1959, Luna 2, a Soviet space probe, became the first probe to hit the moon. In 1961, Yuri Gagarin, a Soviet cosmonaut, became the first person to orbit Earth. He achieved this in a capsule-like spacecraft called the Vostok 1.
Then in 1985, the United States successfully sent their very own satellite into space. In 1960, the Soviets launched to dogs into space and successfully returned them to Earth. From this point started the space race. The space race was a challenge between the USSR and the United States to see who could land a man on the moon first. In 1961, the first man in space was cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin who was in space for 60 minutes before returning to Earth in Vostok 1 and was sent by the USSR.
Effects of the Moon Walk On July 21, 1969 three men impacted the world in a big way. Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin were not the first men to travel in space but they were the first to walk on the moon. Eight years previously, President John F. Kennedy made a speech to the people of the United States that it should be a national goal to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade. During the Cold War the United States and the Soviet Union were a “who’s bigger and better” contest with each other and space exploration was a part of that. The Soviet Union had begun the space race in 1957 with the launch of Sputnik I, an artificial satellite.