THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT: INSPECTIONS AND VIOLATIONS

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THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT: INSPECTIONS AND VIOLATIONS

INTRODUCTION:
The Occupational Safety and Health Act is introduced in 1970, it is also known as OSH Act, it is administered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).The OSH Act covers all employers and their employees in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and other U.S. territories. Coverage is provided either directly by the central Occupational Safety and Health Administration or by an OSHA-approved state job safety and health plan. The Act grants employees several important rights, including the right to file a complaint with OSHA about safety and health conditions in their workplaces and, to the scope permitted by law, have their identities set aside secret from employers, contest the amount of time.

FUNCTIONS OF OSHA:
OSHA allows for correcting violations of principles, and participates in OSHA workplace inspections. The Act does not cover Self-employed persons, direct members of the farmer's family, members of central agencies, Employees of state and local governments, unless they are in one of the states in service of an OSHA-approved state plan.
The Act assigns OSHA two regulatory functions: set standards and conduct inspections to ensure that employers are providing safe and healthful workplaces. OSHA standards may require that employers adopt certain practices, resources, methods, or processes reasonably necessary and suitable to protect workers on the job. Employers must become well-known with the standards applicable to their establishments and get rid of hazard. . fulfillment with standards may include implementing engineering controls to bound exposure to physical hazards and fatal substances, implementing man...

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...e of the principles designed by Occupational Safety and Health Act is known as violation of OSH. Every violation cause a penalty over the company to control the companies to follow the norms of the act which are very important to secure the proper health and Security of the employees which is considered as a weaker class in an organization who need to be protected by the law and constitution of the country.

REFERENCES:
United State department of Labour, Safety and Health Standards: Occupational Safety and Health.
National Council for Occupational Safety and Health, “The OSHA Inspection: A Step-by-Step Guide”
U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration, OSHA Fact Sheet, 2002
John DeMerceau & Demand Media, “Types of OSHA Violations”, 2007
Elaine L. Chao & John L. Henshaw,OSHA Inspections, OSHA 2098 2002 (Revised), US Department of Labour

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